What is CPCB?
CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) is a statutory organization that was established in September 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control Pollution) Act, 1974. After that CPCB was entrusted with the functions and powers of the Air (Prevention and Control Pollution) Act 1981.
- This pollution control board in India serves as a field formation and also offers technical services to the Ministry of Environment and Forests under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act, 1986.
- The major function of the CPCB is to promote the cleanliness of the wells and streams in various areas of states by controlling, preventing, and abatement of water pollution.
- Further CPCB aims to enhance the air quality and prevent, abate, or control the air pollution in India.
Pollution Control Board in India
Let’s take a look at the latest updates on Central Pollution Control Board
- Recently, CPCB celebrated the 46th Foundation Day
- As per the CPCB, there are 128 sites in India contaminated by hazardous and toxic substances. West Bengal topped the list with 27 sites followed by Odish at 23.
The reasons for contamination include:
- leakage of underground oil pipelines of Bharat Petroleum Corporation Limited in Tamil Nadu.
- Heavy metal and pesticide contamination in creeks at Eloor, Kerala.
- Chromium contamination at Ranipet, Tamil Nadu, Rania, and Loguanagar, Uttar Pradesh.
- Mercury contamination of the soil at Kodaikanal, Ganjam, Tamil Nadu, Odisha
- Electronic waste on the banks of fiver Moradabad, Ramganga.
Functions and Powers of CPCB
CPCB has the following functions and powers
- Advise the central government on matters concerning the control and prevention of water and air pollution and enhancement of air and water quality.
- The responsibility of CPCB includes planning training programs for people involved in the activities for improvement, prevention, and control of water and air pollution.
- CPCB provides technical support and guidance to the state boards and carries out sponsor research and investigation related to the problems of air and water pollution, and for their control, prevention and abatement.
- CPCB also Organizes mass awareness programs on the control and prevention of air and water pollution.
- Preparing guidelines, manuals, and codes for the treatment of sewage and trade effluents and also stack gas cleaning devices.
- Another responsibility of CPCB includes collecting statistical and annual reports related to Water & Air pollution. This report helps to take preventive measures to reduce and control pollution.
- CPCB also performs other functions as prescribed by the Indian Government.
CPCB AQI - National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP)
CPCB (Central Pollution Control Board) launched a nationwide programme called National Air Quality Monitoring Programme (NAMP) to tack air quality index India .The objectives of NAMP are:
- To find out the trends and status of ambient air quality
- To figure out whether the prescribed air quality standards are violated
- To locate the non-attainment cities and control the air pollution in those cities
- To get enough understanding and knowledge required for developing corrective and preventive measures.
- To understand the cleansing process undergoing in the environment.
- NAMP regularly measures the SO2, NO2, RSPM / PM10
CPCB - National Water Quality Monitoring Programme (NWMP)
Water is an essential and limited resource for human existence. CPCB collects technical and statistical data related to water pollution, and also takes various measures to control water pollution. The CPCB in association with State Pollution Control Boards (SPCBs) / Pollution Control Committees(PPCs) monitors the water quality across the country under the NWMP.
- The water quality monitoring network- 28 states, and 8 union territories have a total of 4111 stations
- Groundwater is monitored on a half-year basis
- Surface water bodies are monitored quarterly or monthly
- Micropollutants- monitored twice a year( Before or after monsoon)
Organizational Structure of CPCB
Central Pollution Control Board is led by its chairman, member secretary, and other members. Various tasks are performed by CPCB through the following nine project heads.
- Pollution assessment (survey and monitoring).
- R&D and laboratory management.
- Information database management and library
- Pollution control technology
- Pollution control enforcement
- Mass awareness and publications
- Hazard waste management
- Development of standards and guidelines for industry-specific emissions and effluent standards
CPCB or Central Pollution Control Board must be researched properly as it is a part of the UPSC Syllabus. CPCB comes under both UPSC Prelims and UPSC Mains, which makes this topic crucial from the UPSC exam perspective. UPSC aspirants must go through the CPCB UPSC notes to strengthen their preparation for the upcoming UPSC exam.
Apart from the notes candidates need to have the right UPSC Books by their side to build a strong foundation of the topics as well. Applicants can also solve UPSC Previous Year Question Papers to gain a better understanding of kinds of questions asked.
CPCB UPSC PDF
CPCB is a major part of the GS-3 paper of the UPSC Mains syllabus. That is why advise candidates to download the PDF file of the CPCB UPSC notes and take a printout which would make their preparation easier.