What are the Sources of Water Pollution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Sources of Water Pollution include industrial garbage, the use of fossil fuels, and sewage (wastewater). Water pollution, also known as aquatic pollution, is the contamination of water bodies, typically brought on by human activity, which has a detrimental impact on the uses of the water. Fish, birds, sea otters, and other nearby marine animals, are affected negatively due to water pollution.

Sources of Water Pollution

The term water pollution refers to the contamination of water bodies, typically due to human activity, which negatively impacts the quality of water. Lakes, rivers, oceans, aquifers, reservoirs, and groundwater are all examples of bodies of water.

Sewage (Waste Water)

  • Sewage water is contaminated with pathogens, a common water contaminant, other dangerous microorganisms, and chemicals that can lead to severe illnesses.
  • Farmers employ chemical fertilizers and pesticides to protect their crops from bugs and bacteria, which results in agricultural pollution.
  • However, when these substances are combined with water, they create dangerous toxins damaging to plants and animals.

Industrial Garbage

  • Businesses produce a lot of waste containing harmful chemicals and pollutants, which pollute the air and harm our environment and ourselves.
  • A significant volume of oil leaks into the ocean that doesn’t disperse poses a severe hazard to marine life.

Use of fossil fuels for energy

  • When burned, fossil fuels like coal and oil release a significant amount of ash into the sky.
  • Acid rain is the outcome of harmful chemical-containing particles combined with water vapor.
  • Paper, plastic, food waste, aluminum, rubber, and glass are among the home waste materials collected and dumped into rivers and the sea, polluting the water and harming aquatic life.


What are the Sources of Water Pollution?

Fossil fuels, sewage, and industrial waste are some of the Sources of Water Pollution. When pollutants contaminate water sources, the water becomes unfit for drinking, cleaning, cooking, swimming, and other activities.

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