Jal Jeevan Mission: Lunch Date, Objectives, Jal Jeevan Mission UPSC

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM) is a reformed and upgraded version of the Project National Rural Drinking Water Programme (NRDWP). The Indian Government has restructured the NRDWP into the Jal Jeevan Mission with the purpose of offering Functional Home Tap Connections (FHTC) to every rural household called Har Ghar Nal Se Jal (HGNSJ) by 2024.  Jal Jeevan Mission is a flagship program launched by the Indian Government in 2019 with the aim of providing piped water supply to every household in the country by 2024.

The ultimate goal of Jal Jeevan Mission is to transform the lives of millions of people in India who have been struggling to access safe drinking water for decades. This article will highlight the key features, challenges, and objectives of the Jal Jeevan Mission on India’s rural population. It will help all the aspirants to prepare for this particular topic in the upcoming UPSC exam.

What is the Jal Jeevan Mission?

The Jal Jeevan Mission (JJM), a flagship program of the Government of India, was launched on August 15, 2019, by Hon’ble Prime Minister Narendra Modi. The program is a crucial step towards achieving the United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goal 6, which aims to ensure access to water and sanitation for all.

Jal Jeevan Mission UPSC Notes

JJM aspires to establish a Jan Andolan for water, making it a top priority for every rural household in the country.  It puts a special emphasis on water conservation, groundwater recharge, and community involvement. The mission is a part of the Jal Shakti Ministry, which is the nodal ministry for the implementation of the scheme.

Jal Jeevan Mission: Important Facts

The Jal Jeevan Mission is the foundation of the Rashtriya Jal Jeevan Kosh. On August 15, 2019, the Honourable Prime Minister of India made a big announcement about a government program. The main objective of the Jal Jeevan Mission is to supply 55 liters of water per person per day to every rural household through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC) by 2024.

  • Rainwater harvesting and water conservation are also the most important aspects of the mission.
  • Using recycled water and recharging structures
  • Development of the watercourse
  • focusing on planting trees.
  • Traditional and other water bodies are being renovated.

Jal Jeevan Mission Objectives

Jal Jeevan Mission has several objectives that are crucial for the sustainable development of India’s rural areas such as :

  • The main objective of the Jal Jeevan Mission is to start giving to all households in rural India over the long term.
  • Supplying pure, safe, and enough drinking water through individual tap connections by 2024 is another objective of the Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • The goal is to provide 55 liters of water per person per day through Functional Household Tap Connections (FHTC).
  • Planning and putting into action how essential water is for a better quality of life is also an objective of the Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • Assistance from State and Union Territory in organizing their financial funds and resources for the mission.

Features of the Jal Jeevan Mission

Jal Jeevan Mission will resolve the lack of tap water connections by making the tap connections work. It is based on local management of both how much water is used and how much is available.

  • This mission will build local infrastructure for things like harvesting water, putting water directly into the earth, and managing household wastewater so it can be used again.
  • By 2024, each person in a rural home will be able to get 55 liters of water every day from a tap connection.
  • Jal Jeevan Mission helps the community come up with a plan for the water that includes a lot of information, education, and communication.
  • The scheme gave forth an amount of Rs 3 lakh crore.
  • In this Jal Jeevan Mission, everyone helps make the Jan Andolan for water a top priority.
  • For the Himalayan and North Eastern States, the fund is split 90:10 between the center and the state, 50:50 for the rest of the states, and 100% for the Union Territories.

Implementation of the Jal Jeevan Mission

Under the Jal Jeevan Mission, tap water is given to every rural household, even those in SC/ST-dominated villages in Tamil Nadu and Maharashtra, so that “no one is left out.”Also, tap water is given top priority in places where the water quality is bad, like deserts and drought-prone areas, SC/ST majority villages, Aspirational and JE-AES affected districts, SaansadAdarshGraminYojana villages, and Households in the country by 2024.

  • The Paani Samitis plan has village water supply systems in good shape also, wherein they operate the system in an organized way through Jal Jeevan Mission.
  • At least half of these associations have between 10 and 15 members, at least half of whom are women.
  • Other members come from Self-Help Groups, accredited social and health workers, Anganwadi teachers, and other places.
  • The committees put together a one-time action plan for the village that uses all of its resources.
  • A Gram Sabha should indeed agree to the plan before it can be put into action under Jal Jeevan Mission.

Progress So Far in Jal Jeevan Mission

At the time that the Jal Jeevan Mission was announced, 17.1% of the 18.93 crore rural households had tap water connections. This meant that 3.23 Crore rural households had tap water connections.

  • Under the Jal Jeevan Mission, tap water connections have been set up in 5.38 Crore (28%) of rural households so far.
  • So, out of the 19.22 billion rural households in the country, 8.62 billion (or 44.84 percent) are said to have potable tap water.
  • The number of homes with running water from the tap has reached 100% in rural areas of states like Goa, Telangana, Andaman and Nicobar Islands, and Puducherry. “Har Ghar Jal” has become everyone’s top priority.

Funding for Jal Jeevan Mission

The Union Territories will get all of their money from the central government for the funding of the Jal Jeevan Mission.

  • The central government will pay for 90% of projects in the North Eastern and the Hill States.
  • Central funding will be 50% for cities with less than 10,00,000 people, 1/3 for cities with 10,00,000 to 1,00,00,000 people, and 25% for cities with 10,00,000 or more people.

Outcome-based funding:

  • The government will give money to Jal Jeevan Mission in three parts at 20:40:40.
  • From the third installment onwards, the money will be given out based on the results, while funding and credible exclusion will be applied.

Jal Jeevan Mission Urban

In Budget 2021-22, the Government of India has announced the Jal Jeevan Mission (Urban) to provide universal coverage of water supply to all households in accordance with Sustainable Development Goal- 6. The scheme is announced by the Housing and Urban Affairs Ministry. The Jal Jeevan Mission Urban Scheme’s key points are

  • Securing tap and sewer connections
  • Rejuvenation of water bodies
  • Creating a circular water economy

Jal Jeevan Mission UPSC

As the Jal Jeevan Mission is a flagship program of the Government of India, it has become an important topic of discussion in the UPSC exam. The initiative is relevant to the Civil Services Exam as it addresses the critical issue of providing access to safe drinking water, which has a significant impact on public health, social welfare, and economic development. Thus, it is essential for UPSC aspirants to have a clear understanding of the mission’s objectives, implementation strategies, and outcomes to answer questions related to this topic in the exam.

Jal Jeevan Mission UPSC Questions

Question 1: What is the main objective of the Jal Jeevan Mission? a) Providing electricity to rural households b) Providing drinking water to every rural household c) Providing sanitation facilities to every rural household d) Providing irrigation facilities to every rural household

Answer: b) Providing drinking water to every rural household

Question 2: Which of the following states has been chosen as the first to achieve 100% household tap water connection under the Jal Jeevan Mission? a) Kerala b) Gujarat c) Haryana d) Goa

Answer: a) Kerala

Question 2: What is the source of funding for the Jal Jeevan Mission? a) 100% central government funding b) 50% central government funding and 50% state government funding c) 75% central government funding and 25% state government funding d) 90% central government funding and 10% state government funding

Answer: a) 100% central government funding

UPSC Notes
Shanghai Cooperation Organisation National Health Mission
World Trade Organisation Inclusive Growth
Goods and Services Tax Agneepath Scheme
FATF Statue of Equality
Delimitation Commission Uniform Civil Code
Gig Economy National Health Mission
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