Reasons for Land Degradation
The phenomenon of the decline of the fertility of the soil is known as land degradation. In India, direct or indirect human intervention has led to soil loss. The important reasons that have led to land degradation are as follows-
- Soil pollution- The impurities in the quality of the soil are known as soil pollution.
- Soil Erosion- Cutting off trees or natural disasters sometimes leads to the removal of the upper layer of the soil. This is termed soil erosion.
- Overgrazing- The cattle overgraze a particular part of the land resulting in a barren land.
- Extraction of minerals at a repeated stage- Many extraction processes are conducted in various parts of the country. Extracting minerals from a specific area repeatedly results in land degradation.
- Drought- Scarcity of water or drought conditions is also responsible for Land degradation.