Which is the Major Cause of Land Degradation in Punjab?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The major cause of land degradation in Punjab is over-irrigation, which leads to excess moisture in the soil, ultimately leading to its deterioration. Punjab has highly fertile soil, which is important for producing good-quality crops. However, land degradation has become a problem in the last few years.

Major Cause of Land Degradation in Punjab

The use of tube wells for the irrigation of fields is very common in Punjab. Farmers often irrigate their fields to improve the moisture content and make them suitable for high-moisture crops.

  • However, over-irrigation is becoming a major cause of land degradation in Punjab. It increases the salinity level of the soil.
  • Since plants do not grow properly in fields with high salinity, over-irrigation is detrimental to the soil as well as yield.
  • Depending on the quality of the soil’s drainage, over-irrigation can also lead to an excess or lack of oxygen, neither of which is an ideal condition for growing crops.
  • The roots of crops are also damaged due to excess water in the soil.
  • Therefore, over-irrigation is one of the main reasons that is causing the degradation of land in Punjab.

Additional Causes of Land Degradation

In states like Maharashtra, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and Rajasthan, there are other reasons for land degradation.

These causes include the following:

  • Overgrazing
  • Deforestation
  • Mining activities
  • Improper discharge of industrial waste

Therefore, to grow healthy crops, it is critical to avoid factors like over-irrigation, overgrazing, deforestation, etc., as they ruin the land and make it less fertile over time.

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