Write a Few Lines About Kulaks, the Duma, Women Workers between 1900 and 1930, the Liberals, and Stalin’s Collectivization Programme

By Shivank Goel|Updated : September 7th, 2022

Kulaks - 'Kulak' is a Russian term for wealthy peasants. They were rich farmers who hoarded grains to gain more profit. Under Marxism-Leninism, Kulaks were considered a class enemy. In 1928, under Stalin's government, the Kulaks were raided, and their supplies were confiscated. To eliminate Kulaks, Stalin had to introduce collectivization programs and state-controlled farms.

The Duma - Duma was an assembly formed on 6 August 1905, during the time of the Russian Revolution of 1905. Initially, it was believed to be an advisory organ, but in the October Manifesto, the Duma gained legislative powers.

Women workers between 1900 and 1930 - During 1900 and 1930, women workers made up a significant part of the factory labour force. However, they were paid fewer wages than men. This resulted in strikes led by women workers during the February Revolution, demanding fair wages.

The Liberals - The liberals were people who were pro-government and believed in an elected parliamentary form of governance. However, they believed that only men who were property holders must get the right to vote.

Stalin's Collectivization Programmes - Implemented in 1929, Stalin's collectivization programs were intended to increase the state grain production and reduce the hoarding of grains by Kulaks. Collective farms were established where peasants worked together and all the land and implements were owned by the state. All the profit earned was shared by the people working on the farms.

Kulaks, the Duma, Women Workers between 1900 and 1930, the Liberals, and Stalin's Collectivization Programme

We have written about the Kulaks, the Duma, women workers, the liberals, and Stalin's collectivization program here:

  • The Kulaks were the wealthy peasant class who hoarded grains to make more profit. They were raided under Stalin's government because they were considered a class enemy.
  • The Duma was a Russian assembly with advisory and legislative powers.
  • Women workers between 1900 and 1930s demanded fair wages for their service in factories.
  • The Liberals were pro-government people who believed that the right to vote was to be exercised only by men who owned property.
  • Stalin's collectivization program involved the establishment of collective farms where everyone worked together and shared the profit equally.

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FAQs

  • The Kulaks were the wealthy peasant class who hoarded grains to make more profit. They were raided under Stalin’s government because they were considered as class enemies for hoarding profit.

  • The liberals were people who believed in a parliamentary form of government. They also believed that the right to vote was exercised only by men who owned property.

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