When did Gandhi join the Indian National Congress?

By Ritesh|Updated : September 2nd, 2022

Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress in 1915 after returning from South Africa. The INC is the first national movement of political nature in India with the original aim of involving more Indians in the nation's governance. Its purpose was elevated to finalize independence. And after independence, it became the main political party in the nation.

Gandhi and the Indian National Congress

  • In the first session, Hume got permission from Lord Dufferin, the Viceroy of India.
  • The conduction of the Indian National Congress shifted to Bombay because of the cholera outbreak in Poona.
  • 72 delegates attended the first session from all provinces of India.
  • There were about 2 Muslims, 54 Hindus, and the remaining were Parsi and Jain members.
  • Womesh Chandra Banerjee chaired the first session.
  • Dinshaw Wacha, Dadabhai Naoroji, Pherozeshah Mehta, William Wedderburn, etc., were prominent participants in the first meeting.
  • In the early years, the INC was a moderate organization and restricted its resources to constitutional dialogue and methods.
  • Her demands were restricted to including more Indians in the armed forces and civil services. There was never any talk about independence.
  • After a few years, the party was radically radicalized in its approach and demands.
  • In 1905, there was an evident rise in the party, which split the old moderates and a newer group, the extremists.
  • The partition of Bengal in 1905 saw the party transform into a mass movement.
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak led the extremist faction. The party split at the Surat session openly in 1907.
  • After returning from South Africa, Mahatma Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress in 1915.

Summary:

When did Gandhi join the Indian National Congress?

Mahatma Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress in the year 1915 after his return from South Africa. He joined the party at the request of Gopal Krishna Gokhale and transformed the 35-year-old Indian National Congress (Congress Party) into an effective political instrument of Indian nationalism.

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