What was the Ring Fence Policy?

By Aarna Tiwari|Updated : July 5th, 2022

The Ring-Fence Policy was enacted by Warren Hastings to create buffer zones to protect the Company's borders. Through the Ring-Fence Policy, the Company defended its neighbours' borders in order to protect their own territories. 

The East India Company would send troops to strengthen the defence of its allies and the expenses for the upkeep of the troops were borne by the ruler of that kingdom. In this way, the ally kingdoms were dependent on the East India Company for their defence.

What is Ring Fence Policy?

The Ring-Fence Policy was a doctrine enacted by Warren Hastings at the time of East India Company’s struggle against the Marathas and the Kingdom of Mysore. Through the policy, buffer zones were created to protect the Company's borders. The Company defended its neighbours' borders in order to protect their own territories. Through the policy, the British claimed no sovereignty over the native rulers, treated them as independent, did not interfere in their internal affairs and, signed treaties with them on an equal and reciprocal basis. But, this was not followed in the case of the Hindu ruler of Mysore.

The policy lasted from 1765 to 1813. Wellesley's subsidiary alliance policy was an extension of the Ring-Fence Policy, which sought to reduce states' reliance on the British government in India.

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What was the Ring Fence Policy FAQs

  • The Ring-Fence Policy was implemented by Warren Hastings to create buffer zones to protect the Company's borders. It was a policy of defending their neighbours' borders in order to protect their own territories.

  • The Ring-Fence Policy was enacted in 1765 and it continued till 1813. The policy was formulated in the backdrop of the Company’s struggle against the Marathas and the Kingdom of Mysore. 

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