Why is Power Sharing Desirable?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Power sharing is desirable because social conflicts often result in violence and political instability, and a valuable strategy for ensuring the stability of political systems. Power sharing reduces the likelihood of conflict between social groups. Given that social conflict frequently leads to vehemence and political instability, power-sharing is a viable strategy for ensuring the political system’s consistency.

Reason for Power Sharing is Desirable

It may appear to be a good idea in the short term to enforce the dominant community’s beliefs over those of other groups, but in the long run, it undermines national peace. In addition to being oppressive to the marginal, the mainstream deteriorates when it is attacked.

  • Power-sharing agreements typically include at least one of the following clauses: Authority can be political, economic, military, or geographical. Sharing political power includes the norms governing the allocation of political responsibilities and decision-making authority.
  • By requiring the simultaneous inclusion of all major parties in the executive branch through regulations on significant coalition formation, power can be shared.
  • Power is shared among various governmental branches, including agencies.
  • Horizontal distribution of power occurs when several government departments exercise different functions while remaining at the same level.
  • Governments can share power at various levels.

Given that social tensions frequently lead to violence and political instability, power sharing is an important strategy for ensuring the political order’s stability.

Forms of Power Sharing

In modern-day democracy, different forms of power sharing exist. These forms vary based on the parties among which the power is eventually shared. The different forms of power sharing are as follows:

  • Community Government
  • The Federal division of power
  • Horizontal distribution of power
  • Power sharing between the various political parties and other similar groups

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