What is Article 31C of the Indian Constitution?

By Devyani Singh|Updated : July 21st, 2022

Article 31C of the Indian Constitution was added by the 25th Constitutional Amendment in 1971. This article was added to the existing clauses A and B. The primary intent behind the introduction of the new article 31C was to make provisions for the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP), in terms of property rights, to garner primacy over Fundamental Rights that are guaranteed to people under Article 12-35 of the Indian Constitution.

This was done to avoid personal interests that are disguised under the facade of Fundamental Rights and eventually avoid any blockers for progressive legislation.

What do you understand by Article 31C of the Indian Constitution?

The 25th Constitutional Amendment of 1971 brought in an addition to the existing Article 31 in the form of Article 31C. Article 31 and its three clauses- A. B, and C, describe the property right of an Indian citizen. 

Article 31C states that any law that seeks to execute any or all of the directive principles of Part IV shall not be considered void simply if there is a contravention of the fundamental rights given to the citizens under Article 14 (equality before law) or Article 19 (protection of 6 rights, like the right of speech, assembly, movement, etc.)

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FAQs about Article 31C

  • Article 31C concerns itself with the property rights of an Indian citizen. 

  • Article 31C was added to the Indian constitution in 1971 with the 25th Constitutional Amendment.

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