Write a Few Lines About Kulaks, the Duma, Women Workers between 1900 and 1930, the Liberals, Stalin’s Collectivization Programme

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

A few lines about Kulaks, the Duma, and Women Workers between 1900 and 1930: Kulak is a Russian term for wealthy peasants. Duma was an assembly formed on 6 August 1905. During 1900 and 1930, women workers made up a significant part of the factory labor force. The liberals were people who were pro-government and believed in an elected parliamentary form of governance.

Define Kulaks, Duma, Women Workers, Liberals and Stalin Collectivization Programme

All the above-mentioned classifications represent specific features and importance that they had during the period of their existence under Stalin’s rule. We have written about the Kulaks, the Duma, women workers, the liberals, and Stalin’s collectivization programs here:

  • The Kulaks: They belonged to the affluent peasant class who stored food to increase their profits. Because they were viewed as a class adversary under Stalin’s rule, they were raided. Stalin had to implement collectivization plans and state-run farms to get rid of the Kulaks.
  • The Duma: It was a Russian assembly with advisory and legislative powers. Initially, it was believed to be an advisory organ, but in the October Manifesto, the Duma gained legislative powers.
  • Women Workers: Between 1900 and 1930s women workers demanded fair wages for their service in factories. However, they were paid fewer wages than men. This resulted in strikes led by women workers during the February Revolution, demanding fair wages.
  • The Liberals: They were pro-government and held the view that only men with property rights should cast ballots. As part of Stalin’s collectivization policy, communal farms were established, where everyone worked together and split the profits equally.
  • Stalin’s Collectivization Programmes: Stalin’s collectivization programs, which were put into place in 1929, was designed to boost national grain production and decrease Kulak grain hoarding. Peasants established collective farms where they collaborated and all the land and equipment were state-owned. The people who worked on the farms split the total profit.

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