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Why has the Cotton Textile Industry Rapidly Expanded in Mumbai?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 11th, 2023

The cotton textile industry expanded rapidly in Mumbai because the city has a warm, humid climate which is conducive to the growth of cotton. Mumbai has a port, which helps in product import and export. The region’s cotton textile industry grew quickly. Owing to skilled labor, the availability of raw materials, a port for importing machinery, a humid and warm climate, and other factors this industry flourished in Mumbai.

Expansion of the Cotton Textile Industry in Mumbai

The first productive mechanized textile mill opened in Mumbai in 1854. The cotton industry witnessed a boom as a result of the favorable humid climate in the states of Gujarat and Maharashtra. Due to the ability to artificially manufacture humus and the accessibility of pure raw cotton, the cotton textile industry has currently spread to different regions of the country.

  • Some of the important centers of the cotton textile industry are Panipat, Puducherry, Kolkata, Ludhiana, Mumbai, Chennai, Ahmedabad, Kanpur, and Coimbatore.
  • In Ahmedabad, the first mill was established in 1859. Later it became the second-largest textile city in India after Mumbai. It was called “Manchester of India“.
  • In addition, raw materials were readily available as Ahmedabad was close to cotton-growing areas.
  • The land was easy to find, the landscape was flat, and the climate was perfect for spinning and weaving.
  • Skilled and semi-skilled workers were easily available in Maharashtra and Gujarat due to the high population density.
  • Due to the well-developed railway and road network, the market was easily accessible.
  • The export of cotton textiles and import of machinery were also easy due to the port of Mumbai.

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