Who was the Last Ruler of the Maurya Dynasty?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Last Ruler of the Maurya Dynasty was Brihadratha. He came to the throne when the territories had shrunk considerably during the time of Ashoka. Literary sources like Megasthenes’ Indica, Kautilya’s Arthashastra, and Ashoka’s inscriptions give a clear picture of Mauryan history.

Last Ruler of the Maurya Dynasty

There are literary sources that show the Mauryan empire’s different facets. They are:

  • The Buddhist books Milindapanho, Mahavamsa, and Mahabhashya provide us with information about Chandragupta’s life.
  • Kadambari by Banabhatta is another literary source that draws a picture of the Mauryan empire.
  • The Buddhist Dipavamsa, Mahavamsa, and Divyavadana all provide information about Ashoka.
  • Hema Chandra’s Parishishta Parvan establishes Chandragupta’s link to Jainism.
  • Mudrarakshasa of Visakhadatta (from the fifth century CE) is a historical drama that explains Chanakya’s plots against Chandragupta’s adversaries.

All these texts help in understanding the administration and life of the mighty Mauryan empire. Among these literary sources, Indica and Arthashastra are the most important.


Who was the Last Ruler of the Maurya Dynasty?

Brihadratha was the Last Ruler of the Maurya Dynasty, who came to power when the territories shrunk during the time of Ashoka. Brihadratha Maurya was the Mauryan Empire’s ninth and final Emperor. He was assassinated by his general, Pushyamitra Shunga, who founded the Shunga Empire.

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