Who is a Municipal Councillor?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Municipal councilors are the elected members of the local municipal corporations and the representatives of the citizens in a fixed place. They are elected during the local body elections held in each state every five years. They represent a local political party or fight as independents who do not represent any political organization.

Municipal Councillor

Municipal Councils, also referred to as Municipalities, Nagar Palikas, or Nagar Palika Parishads, are urban local government entities that oversee cities with at least 100,000 inhabitants. There are exceptions to this rule though, as previously Nagar Palikas were considered urban centers with a population of over 20,000, including all urban areas with populations under 100,000.

Councilors are elected for a four-year term of office and represent the people living in the ward, they are elected to on City Council, dealing with a range of problems and priorities for their local community.

Roles and Responsibilities of the Municipal Councillors

Some of the Roles and Responsibilities of the Municipal Councillors are:-

  • Taking part in the creation and assessment of the municipality’s programs.
  • Working to advance the rights and interests of the citizens in the local governments they have been chosen to represent.
  • Take part in the municipal mayor’s election.
  • Take care of civic-related issues like road construction, infrastructure development, issues with town planning, and waste management disposal.
  • Activities that support education, public health regulations, the welfare of the community, public safety, and other local development issues.
  • Promote development-related, cultural, and other aesthetic-focused programs.
  • Approval of regional planning initiatives.
  • Pay attention to the problems locals are having, then deal with them.


Who is a Municipal Councillor?

Municipal council members are elected representatives of the people in a particular location who serve on local municipal corporations. They are chosen during the local body elections, which are held every five years in each state.

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