Who Gave Two Nation Theory?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Two Nation Theory is given by Sir Syed Ahmed Khan as he provided a modern idiom to express the search for an Islamic identity. After gaining independence from the British Empire, the Indian subcontinent was strongly affected by the two-nation theory, a religious nationalist concept. According to this theory, Muslims and Hindus in India are two distinct nations with their own culture, religion, and traditions.

What is Two Nation Theory?

The All India Muslim League’s two-nation theory served as the cornerstone of the Pakistan Movement, which sought to establish Pakistan as a Muslim nation-state in India’s northwest and east, beginning with the partition of the country in 1947.

  • Shashi Tharoor and other Indian historians contend that the alliance between Hindus and Muslims during the Indian Rebellion of 1857, which served as the impetus for the division of India, led to the British colonial government’s adoption of the “divide and rule” policy.
  • In accordance with the official chronology of the Pakistani government, Muhammad bin Qasim is frequently referred to as the first Pakistani.
  • According to Prakash K. Singh, the establishment of Pakistan began with Muhammad bin Qasim’s visit.
  • Muhammad Ali Jinnah saw the Pakistan Movement as the opening when the first Muslims entered the Islamic faith.
  • Sir Sayyed used a modern idiom to convey his desire for an Islamic identity.
  • As a result, many Pakistanis attribute Syed Ahmad Khan, a modernist and reformist academic, with developing the two-nation thesis (1817-1898).
  • For instance, Sir Syed discussed two distinct nations in a speech in Patna in January 1883. In the speech, he stated that the Hindu and Muslim communities have a similar relation to India as the head and the heart of the human body.


Who gave Two Nation Theory?

Sir Syed Ahmed Khan was considered the leading architect of the two-nation theory as he is a modern idiom. Following its independence from the British Empire, the Indian subcontinent was significantly influenced by the two-nation theory, a religious nationalism ideology.

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