Who Composed the National Anthem of India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Rabindranath Tagore composed the National Anthem of India. It was first composed in Bangla, but later, in 1950, its Hindi version was adopted as such. Tagore also composed the National Anthems of Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. Tagore himself sang the National Anthem for the first time on December 27, 1911, on the second day of the annual conference of the Indian National Congress at Kolkata (then Calcutta).

Composer of the National Anthem of India

Rabindranath Tagore is one of the most beloved poets in India. His work was very influential during the pre-independence era. He brought India international recognition. He was also the founder of Shantiniketan. It was a school that focused on imparting education to the students about arts and various other subjects.

Jana-Gana-Mana is the national anthem of the Republic of India. It was originally composed for the purpose of the first visit of Queen Elizabeth II and Prince Philip. The lyrics of the song are divided into five stanzas, and the total duration of the song is 57 seconds. Tatwabodhini Patrika was the magazine in which the lyrics were first published.

Facts about Rabindranath Tagore

A few details about Rabindranath Tagore, who composed the National Anthem of India, are as follows.

  • Rabindranath Tagore was born on May 7th, 1861, in Kolkata.
  • He was the First Indian to receive a Nobel Prize in 1913.
  • He was a painter, musician, and poet.
  • Tagore was fondly called Gurudev and Bard of Bengal.


Who Composed the National Anthem of India?

The National Anthem of India was composed by Poet Rabindranath Tagore and was adopted on January 24th, 1950. It was first performed publicly by Tagore himself in 1911. The anthem was composed for a special occasion of the first visit of Queen Elizabeth II. Tagore’s lyrics beautifully capture the spirit of India and fill every citizen with a sense of pride.

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