Who Coined the term Gross National Happiness Index?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Jigme Singye Wangchuck coined the term Gross National Happiness Index with His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan in the 1970s. His Majesty Jigme Singye Wangchuck, the fourth King of Bhutan, coined the phrase “gross national happiness” in the 1970s. The 33 indicators were divided into nine categories to create the Gross National Happiness Index, a single-number index.

Gross National Happiness Index Coined by?

One number called the Gross National Happiness Index was created using 33 indicators divided into nine categories. The Alkire-Foster approach, a trustworthy multivariate methodology, serves as the basis for the GNH index.

The concept of GNH has frequently been explained using its four pillars: good governance, sustainable socio-economic development, cultural preservation, and environmental protection.

  • In order to reflect the full range of GNH ideals and advance a thorough understanding of GNH, the four pillars have more recently been further divided into nine domains.
  • Standard of living, community vitality, good governance, cultural diversity and resilience, physical and mental health, education, and time use are among the nine categories.
  • Every aspect of the Bhutanese people’s well-being is represented by the domains.
  • The term “well-being” in this context refers to the attainment of circumstances of the “good life” under the values and guidelines set by the concept of gross national happiness.


Who coined the term Gross National Happiness Index?

Gross national happiness was first used by Jigme Singye Wangchuck, His Majesty the Fourth King of Bhutan, in the 1970s. According to the theory, sustainable development ought to approach concepts of progress holistically and give equal weight to well-non-economic beings’ dimensions.

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