Which Country Ranks First in the Human Development Index?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Norway ranks first in the Human Development Index according to the Human Development Report 2020, followed by Switzerland and Australia. India slipped from 130 in 2020 to 131 in 2022 in the Human Development Index (HDI). The index is prepared considering Life expectancy at birth, Expected years of schooling, Mean years of schooling, Gross national income (GNI), and per capita carbon emission.

Human Development Index Ranking

The Human Development Report Office for the United Nations Development Program publishes the Human Development Index. It ranked Norway at the top of the list. The top ten positions are dominated by European countries, with 8 out of 10 being European countries.

The Human Development Report’s goals:

  • The HDR of the UNDP is centered on a human development strategy that considers individuals, their chances, and their choices. The report’s goals for publication are as follows:
  • Progress in human development.
  • Global expansion of people’s possibilities, options, and freedom.
  • An introduction to cutting-edge theories about human development.
  • Calling for concrete policy reforms.
  • Putting up a fight against the practices and principles that impede human growth.

Human Development Index

  • Life expectancy at birth and expected years of education are used to measure a healthy life.
  • Average Years of Education
  • Gross National Income Per Capita (PPP$) is a standard of living.
  • India scored 0.647, placing it 129th out of 189 nations.
  • India’s life expectancy at birth grew by 11.6 years between 1990 and 2018.
  • Between 1990 and 2019, India’s mean years of schooling climbed by 3.5 years, while predicted years of education increased by 4.7 years.
  • India’s per capita income climbed by more than 250% between 1990 and 2018.
  • China and Sri Lanka, which rank higher than India in the neighboring nations, were at 85 and 71, respectively.


Which Country Ranks First in the Human Development Index?

According to the Human Development Report 2021–22, Norway has the highest score on the Human Development Index, followed by nations like Switzerland and Australia. India ranked 131 on the list.

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