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Which is the Largest Desert in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 12th, 2023

The Largest Desert in India is the Great Indian Desert, also known as the Thar Desert. The Thar Desert is the 9th largest hot subtropical desert and the 20th largest desert in the world. It is an arid region located in the northwestern part of the Indian subcontinent that forms a natural boundary between India (85%) and Pakistan (15%), covering an area of 77,000 square miles.

Largest Desert in India

The Punjab plain to the north and northeast, the Indus River plain to the west, the Rann of Kachchh to the south, and the Aravalli Range to the southeast encircle India’s largest desert, the Thar.

The following are the main characteristics of India’s biggest desert:

  • The Thar Desert spans 77,000 square miles.
  • From July through September, the Thar Desert receives 100 to 500 mm of precipitation annually.
  • Low vegetation is present due to its arid climate.
  • There are times when streams appear during the rainy season.
  • In India, it has Sudha Mata Conservation Reserve (117.49 sq. km), Desert National Park (3162 sq. km), and Tal Chhapar Sanctuary (7 sq. km).
  • It is home to 141 species of resident and migratory desert birds. These include short-toed eagles, vultures, falcons, and harriers.
  • There are 40 species of trees, shrubs, herbs, and grasses.

Facts about the Thar Desert

  • The Luni River is a river that flows through the Thar Desert.
  • The desert is located in different parts of Pakistan and Rajasthan.
  • It draws a border naturally between these two nations.
  • In this region, the temperature ranges from 50 degrees Celsius in the summer to -4 to -5 degrees Celsius in the winter.
  • The Blackbuck, Fox, and other endangered species can be found in the Thar Desert.
  • In the middle of the Thar Desert, there is a protected area for birds called Tal Chhapar Sanctuary.

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