Which Factors Affect Crop Production?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Factors that affect Crop Production are terrain, climate, soil properties, and soil water. Environmental factors that affect plant growth include light, temperature, water, humidity, and nutrition. The impact of climate change on our agricultural systems is undeniable.

Factors Affecting Crop Production

Factors affecting crop production are of two types, internal and external. Intense rain following drought can increase the likelihood of flooding, creating conditions that are conducive to fungal infections of leaves, roots, and tuber crops. Internal factors are related to the genetic structure of plants and are less affected by environmental factors. It includes:

  • Chemical composition of grains
  • Quality of grains
  • Early maturity
  • High yielding ability
  • Drought, flood, and salinity tolerance
  • Resistance to lodging
  • Tolerance to insect pests and diseases
  • Quality of straw

The External Factors include:

  • Edaphic
  • Physiographic and Socio-economic factors.
  • Climatic
  • Biotic

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