What is a Floor Test? How is Voting Done?

By Balaji

Updated on: February 17th, 2023

The floor test is a technique for putting the majority of the ruling government in the assembly to the test. The governor of a state may, under Article 163 of the Constitution, request that the chief minister show his majority in the assembly when it is not in session. However, while the assembly is in session, the Speaker of the Assembly may request a floor test.

Table of content

  • 1. Floor Test and Voting Process (more)
  • 2. What is a Floor Test? (more)

Floor Test and Voting Process

A floor test is used to determine whether the executive has the confidence of the legislature. It is a constitutional mechanism that allows a Chief Minister to be asked to prove a majority on the floor of the Legislative Assembly. However, the governor can only exercise these powers with the approval of the council of ministers.

  • Voting is done in three modes namely Ballot vote, Voice vote, and Divison vote.
  • The ballot vote is similar to the voting process during state or parliamentary elections.
  • The process of voting using slips, electronic gadgets, or a ballot box is called division voting.
  • In a voice vote, the legislators are required to answer orally.


What is a Floor Test?

A floor test is a motion introduced in the assembly to determine whether the ruling government has the confidence of the legislature. According to Article 174 of the Constitution, the governor has the authority to prorogue, summon, and dissolve the legislature.

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