Name the Petroleum Product used for Surfacing of Roads

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Petroleum Product used for the Surfacing of Roads is Bitumen. Petroleum products are obtained from crude oil and processed refineries. Viscous and viscous liquid-type materials are required to surface roads. Bitumen is obtained by the removal of diesel, petrol, and petroleum gases from crude oil. It is used as glue during road construction work.

Petroleum Products used for Surfacing Roads

In addition to the surface of roads, Bitumen is used in various industries. However, 85% of the world’s bitumen production is used for construction purposes. Bitumen is a widely used petroleum product for road surfaces.

  • It exists in liquid to semi-solid form. Different compositions of bitumen result in different properties. It is also known as Asphalt.
  • It is a viscous, dark, highly viscous liquid or semi-solid form of petroleum.
  • It may be a refined product or may be found in natural deposits and is classified as pitch.

What is Bitumen?

Bitumen is a chemical substance obtained by the distillation of crude oil. It is also known to have been produced naturally. It is composed of hydrocarbons and other chemical elements such as iron, sulphur, hydrogen, and calcium. It is known for its adhesive & waterproof qualities.

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