When was Project Tiger Started in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

Project Tiger started in India on 1st April 1973. Project Tiger is the largest species conservation initiative. Under the Wildlife protection act 1972, Project Tiger was launched to conserve big cat tigers as the count was decreasing rapidly in India. Interestingly the Bengal Tiger is India’s national animal, so to stop the decline in number and preserve the area of these cats the project was launched.

Launch Date of Project Tiger in India

The Government of India (GoI) established “Project Tiger” to protect national animals. The largest species conservation program of its sort has been Project Tiger. Project Tiger is a tiger conservation initiative started by the Indian government in April 1973 as part of the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972.

Kailash Sankhala was the first director of the project. The project aimed to identify the cause of the reduction in tiger habitats and improve the condition of natural ecosystems that were damaged over time.

Important Facts About Project Tiger

The National Tiger Conservation Authority (NTCA) is the committee that governs all tiger projects. It is important to know all the facts about the project. Important facts about Project Tiger are provided below:

  • As of March 2022, 53 Tiger Reserves in India were managed under Project Tiger.
  • Hailey Nationa Park was the first national park under Project Tiger, later named Jim Corbett.
  • As per the Tiger Census 2018, the Tiger population stood at 2,967, which was 33% more than the 2014 Census and more than double as compared to the 2006 Tiger Census.
  • Madhya Pradesh has the highest number of tigers in the whole country.
  • India accounts for 75% of the world’s tiger population.
  • India is the only country where 3 big cats, lions, Tigers, and Leopards are present.

When Was Project Tiger Launched in India? – A) 1972, B) 1952, C) 1962, D) 1973

Project Tiger was launched on 1st April 1973 in India. The Royal Bengal Tiger is the National Animal of India. However, since the animal was found in huge numbers in the country, it became a hunting ground for poachers.

Thus, Project Tiger was launched to conserve the Tiger population in the country and create a stable ecosystem for them.

  • Project Tiger has been the most extensive conservation initiative for any species worldwide.
  • It was launched during the leadership of former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi under the guidance of Kailash Sankhala, who was the project’s first director.

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