When did Gandhi Join the Indian National Congress?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress in 1915 after returning from South Africa. INC is the first national movement of political nature in India, whose basic objective is to involve more Indians in the governance of the nation. Its aim was to finalize independence. And after independence, it became the major political party of the country.

Gandhi’s Joining in Indian National Congress

In the first session, Hume received permission from the Viceroy of India, Lord Dufferin. The operations of the Indian National Congress shifted to Bombay due to the outbreak of cholera in Poona.

  • The first session was attended by 72 delegates from all of India’s provinces.
  • About two Muslims, 54 Hindus, and the remaining Parsi and Jain people made up the group.
  • Womesh Chandra Banerjee presided over the opening meeting.
  • At the first meeting, notable attendees included Dinshaw Wacha, Dadabhai Naoroji, Pherozeshah Mehta, William Wedderburn, and others.
  • The INC was a moderate organization in its early years, focusing its resources on constitutional methods and dialogue.
  • The demands were limited to hiring more Indians for the government and military. Independence was never a topic of conversation.
  • After a few years, the party’s demands and methods underwent a radical change.
  • The old moderates and a newer group, the extremists, were split apart by the party’s apparent rise in 1905. The partition of Bengal in 1905 saw the party transform into a mass movement.
  • Bal Gangadhar Tilak led the extremist faction. The party split at the Surat session openly in 1907.
  • After returning from South Africa, Mahatma Gandhi joined the Indian National Congress in 1915.


When did Gandhi join the Indian National Congress?

When Mahatma Gandhi returned from South Africa in 1915, he joined the Indian National Congress. Gopal Krishna Gokhale invited him to join the party, and he turned the 35-year-old Indian National Congress (Congress Party) into a powerful vehicle for Indian nationalism.

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