What was the Directory Rule of France?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Directory Rule of France was aimed at ending the Reign of Terror in the country. The Directory consisted of a five-member committee that governed the French First Republic for a period of five years from 2 November 1795 to 9 November 1799. Directory or Directoire is the name that refers to the last four years of the French Revolution. At the end of the mentioned duration, the Directory was overthrown at the Coup of 18 Brumaire, led by Napoleon Bonaparte.

Directory Rule of France

The Directory rule of France refers to the rule of the five-member committee from 1795 to 1799. While in rule, the committee worked on eliminating the Jacobin Reign of Terror. The Directory was overthrown by Napolean Bonaparte in the Coup of 18 Brumaire, who replaced it with the Consulate. During the time it lasted, the Directory was in constant wars with many foreign coalitions.

  • The Directory focused on terminating the excesses of the Jacobin Regime of Terror in the first two years
  • Prevention of the mass executions
  • Relaxed measures against exiled royalists and priests
  • The Jacobin political club was closed and the government crushed an armed rebellion planned by the Jacobins
  • An early socialist revolutionary, François-Nol Babef, was known as the “Grachas Babef”.
  • But after discovering a royal conspiracy involving a major general, Jean-Charles Pichegrou, the charge of new councils was taken by Jacobins.
  • He tightened measures against the Church and migrants and added two seats in the Directory, disappointingly splitting it.

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