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What was Mahatma Gandhi’s Technique of Satyagraha?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 11th, 2023

Mahatma Gandhi’s technique of Satyagraha involved non-violent forms of resistance against British oppression. Gandhi advocated for nonviolent resistance through self-suffering rather than responding to British violence with more violence. Civil disobedience, non-cooperation, fasting, strikes, and hijrat are some of the techniques he used during the Satyagraha.

Mahatma Gandhi’s Technique of Satyagraha

Mahatma Gandhi practised and advocated for the practice of Satyagraha during the independence movement in India. His techniques of Satyagraha influenced leaders such as Martin Luther King Jr. for his Civil Rights Movement in the United States and Nelson Mandela for his struggle with apartheid in South Africa.

  • Gandhi’s Satyagraha was based on the values of ‘ahimsa’, i.e., non-violence. It introduced a passive way of resistance against atrocities.
  • With masses participating in Satyagraha through means of civil disobedience, non-cooperation, and fasting, the movement became a huge success.
  • Satyagraha refers to using the purest soul force to fight societal injustice, oppression, and exploitation.
  • Non-cooperation, civil disobedience, fasting, and strike are the four main tenets of Satyagraha.

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