What Landforms are created by Glacial Erosion and Deposition?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Landforms created by Glacial Erosion and Deposition: Erosional landforms like serrated ridges, and Depositional landforms like moraines, are created by glacial erosion and deposition. A glacier is a vast mass of ice that moves across the landscape in sheets (a continental glacier or a piedmont glacier if a big sheet of ice extends over the plains at a mountain’s base) or as linear flows down mountain slopes in broad valleys that resemble troughs.

Landforms created by Glacial Erosion and Deposition

Numerous glacial erosional and depositional forms are created by glaciers such as:

  • Erosional Landforms: Glacial Valleys/Troughs, Horns, and Serrated Ridges.
  • Depositional Landforms: Moraines, Eskers, Outwash Plains, and Drumlins.

What are Glaciers?

A glacier is an ice mass that moves as a result of its weight. As is well known that the earth’s landmass does not precisely correspond to what we can see.

  • There are dry, searing deserts in some places and deep, lush forests in others. Others, however, have continuous ice covers, etc.
  • Among these numerous land masses, the continuously ice-covered regions of the earth’s surface are called snow fields.
  • The lowest point of a snowfield or persistent snow cover is known as the snowline.
  • In areas where the accumulation of snow over many years – often centuries – exceeds its ablation, a glacier will form (melting and sublimation).


What Landforms are Created by Glacial Erosion and Deposition?

There are many different glacial erosional and depositional formations; examples of erosional landforms include glacial valleys and troughs, horns, and serrated ridges. Examples of depositional landforms are the Drumlins, Eskers, Outwash Plains, and Moraines.

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