What is the Difference Between Court and Administrative Tribunal?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The difference between Court And Administrative Tribunal is that a court of law is a component of the traditional judicial system, while an administrative tribunal is an organization established by law. An administrative tribunal is endowed with judicial power. On the other hand, a court of law is a part in which judicial powers are derived from the state. Civil Courts can try any civil matter unless cognizance is explicitly or implicitly prohibited.

Difference Between Court and Administrative Tribunal

The Administration Tribunal, however, is not a court. Here are the key Difference Between Court and Administrative Tribunal:

Court Administrative Tribunal
Judges of ordinary courts are independent of the executive regarding their tenure, terms, conditions of service, etc. The judicial branch is separate from the executive. The executive, such as the government, is solely responsible for determining the tenure, terms, and conditions of service of the members of the Administrative Tribunal.
The judge who presides over a court of law has legal training. It is possible that the Chairperson or any member of the Tribunal may not have legal training. He may be knowledgeable about administrative issues.
A judge in court must be neutral and have no direct or indirect financial stake in the outcome. A dispute that an administrative tribunal will decide on may have one or more parties to it.
It can determine the validity of law enactment. It cannot determine the validity of law enactment.
The courts follow a constant, fixed judicial procedure. They are not required to follow any uniform process to exercise adjudicatory powers.
All the laws governing process and evidence apply to a court of law. An administrative tribunal is governed by the fundamental principles of justice rather than by rules.
The court should decide each issue impartially based on the evidence and material on record. The administrative tribunal can take decisions. The decision of the Administrative Tribunal may be subjective rather than objective, keeping in view the departmental policy.

Court vs Administrative Tribunal

Quasi-judicial bodies are also known as tribunals. Tribunals have the power to hear matters relating to specific issues which are provided to them by statute.

  • Judicial bodies include administrative tribunals and regular courts.
  • Administrative tribunals and ordinary courts handle and resolve conflicts between the two parties.
  • This affects the rights of the people.

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