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What is the Bijolia Peasant Movement?

By Balaji

Updated on: March 31st, 2023

The Bijolia Peasant Movement was a peasant revolt in present-day Rajasthan’s Mewar region over the excessive collecting of land revenue. Fateh Karan Charan, Vijay Singh Pathik, Manikyalal Verma, and Sadhu Sitaram Das led the movement at various times. After a long struggle lasting nearly a half-century, the movement achieved national attention and defied state oppression until 1941.

Bijolia Peasant Movement

The Bijolia movement was a peasant revolt over high land revenue exactions in the Bijolia jagir of the old Mewar state (in present-day Rajasthan, India). The movement began in the former jagir (feudal estate) of Bijolia (near Bijolia town in Bhilwara district) and eventually spread to other jagirs.

  • The movement began in the former Bijolia jagir in Bijolia town in the Bhilwara region and extended to other jagirs.
  • Under Fateh Karan Charan’s leadership, 15,000 farmers launched a “No Tax” movement in 1913, opting to leave the land uncultivated and farm leased land in adjacent Bundi, Mewar, and Gwalior states.
  • This resulted in widespread land cultivation throughout Bijolia, a significant loss in real estate income, and food shortages. Among others, Vijay Singh Pathik urged villagers to plant unirrigated land to avoid paying higher taxes.

Summary:

What is the Bijolia peasant movement?

In the Bijolia jagir of the former state of Mewar, the Bijolia peasant movement, in Rajasthan, was against collecting excessive land revenue. The bijolia peasant movement lasted until 1941. The movement was primarily motivated by concerns over land revenue and other taxes.

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