What is Plantation Agriculture?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Plantation Agriculture is a type of farming in which a single person or company owns a large farm and grows only one crop (most often corn, wheat, sunflower, cotton, etc.). Plantation agriculture necessitates investment in modern machinery (particularly for seeding and harvesting) as well as personnel. Plantation agriculture is restricted to tropical areas, that is, both sides of the equator. Plantations can be found on every continent with a tropical climate.

Plantation Agriculture

Plantation agriculture is a form of farming where an area of ground is cleared of crops for a few years and then abandoned for a new set of crops. Plantation agriculture involves clearing a sizable area of forest land and planting the desired crops in prodigious quantities in the newly created space.

  • Plantation agriculture primarily produces food for the market and is labour- and resource-intensive.
  • The major crops grown on plantations include areca nut (betel nut), cardamom, cashew, cocoa, coconut, coffee, oil palm, rubber, and tea.
  • The majority of these plantation crops are grown as monocultures, with the exceptions of coconut, areca nut, cocoa, and coffee, which are grown as either a monoculture or multiple crops.


What is Plantation Agriculture?

A large area of forest land is cleared as part of plantation farming, and the desired crops are then planted there in massive quantities. With this method of farming, it is easier to manage the cultivation and to produce more of the desired product.

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