What is Sustainable Agriculture and Why is it Important?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Sustainable Agriculture is defined as agriculture that focuses on producing long-term crops and livestock with little environmental effect. This type of agriculture attempts to achieve a healthy balance between the need to generate food and the need to safeguard the ecological system of the environment.

Importance of Sustainable Agriculture

The long-term effects of a regionally integrated system of plant and animal production techniques include:

  • Production of enough fuel, fiber, and food for humanity to meet the needs of an ever-increasing population.
  • Environmental protection and increased natural resource availability
  • Maintaining the profitability of agricultural systems.
  • Meeting human needs for food and fiber.
  • Enhancing the environmental and natural resource foundation that underpins the agricultural sector.
  • Utilizing nonrenewable and agricultural resources as efficiently as feasible, taking into account natural biological cycles and constraints as needed.
  • Maintain the agricultural activities’ profitability.
  • Raising the living standards of farmers and society as a whole.

Sustainable Agriculture Benefits

Sustainable agriculture is a system of food production that is environmentally responsible, economically viable, and socially just. It involves the use of farming techniques and practices that promote the long-term health and productivity of the land, protect natural resources, and enhance the quality of life for farmers and communities.

Furthermore, Sustainable agriculture practices reduce soil erosion, conserve water, and protect biodiversity. It promotes the use of natural fertilizers, such as compost and manure, and reduces the use of harmful chemicals and pesticides, which can have negative effects on soil health, water quality, and wildlife.


What is Sustainable Agriculture and why is it important?

Sustainable agriculture can be explained as agriculture that mainly deals with the production of long-term crops and livestock with minimum environmental effects. This stream of agriculture aims to achieve a healthy balance between the need to safeguard the ecological system and the need to generate food for humans.

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