What is Article 31C of the Indian Constitution?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Article 31C of the Indian Constitution was added by the 25th Constitutional Amendment in 1971. To the already existing clauses A and B, this article was added. With regard to property rights, the main goal of the new article 31C was to establish rules that would give the Directive Principles of State Policy (DPSP) precedence over the fundamental rights that everyone is entitled to under Article 12-35 of the Indian Constitution.

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Article 31C

Article 31 was primarily concerned with enabling the government to acquire property if there lies a legal authority behind it. Several amendments have been made since then to the article. Article 31 C is concerned with the Directive Principles of State Policy. This was done to avoid personal interests that are disguised under the facade of Fundamental Rights and eventually avoid any blockers for progressive legislation.

  • Article 31C, which was added as part of the 25th Constitutional Amendment in 1971, was added to the already existing Article 31. Article 31 and its three clauses, A, B, and C, outline a citizen of India’s property rights.
  • According to Article 31C, a law that seeks to implement any or all of the directive principles of Part IV shall not be deemed invalid just because it violates a citizen’s fundamental rights under Article 14 (equality before the law) or Article 19.

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