What Do You Mean by Muvendar?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Muvendar means three chiefs. It is a Tamil word used for the head of three ruling families, Pandyas, Cholas, and Cheras. The word Muvendar is mentioned in the Sangam poem. They became powerful in South India about 2300 years ago. Muvendar had two centers of power: one inland and one on the coast. It is the etymology of the Tamil word for the three kings.

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Meaning of Muvendar

The Three Crown Rulers, or the World of the Three or Three Glorified by Heaven or Tamil Kings, were primarily called Muvendras. It refers to the conquest of the Cheras, Cholas, and Pandyas in the ancient Tamil country. Megasthenes mentions him in the Ashokan inscriptions and Tamil literature first in the Tolkappiyam, in which he was first called the Three Glorified by Heaven.

The Cheras, Cholas, and Pandyas were called Muvendars. They ruled over the Tamil people during ancient and medieval India.

  • They did not collect taxes.
  • They demanded and received from the people.
  • Muvendar distributed the wealth among their supporters.
  • They went on military expeditions.
  • They collected tribute from neighboring areas.
  • The two important cities were Madurai, the capital of the Pandyas, and Puhar or Kaveripattinam, the port of the Cholas.

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