The Scientific Study of Weather is Called?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Scientific Study of Weather is Called Meteorology, which is the study of weather, and a meteorologist is someone who conducts meteorological research. The field of atmospheric science, known as meteorology, emphasizes weather forecasting. Additionally, it includes atmospheric physics and chemistry. Although meteorology has been studied for thousands of years, it was not until the 18th century that significant progress was made.

Scientific Study of Weather

The area of atmospheric sciences known as meteorology places a strong emphasis on forecasting the weather. Additionally, it incorporates atmospheric physics and chemistry.

  • Aristotle is credited as the originator of meteorology.
  • The term meteorology, meaning “the study of objects high in the air“, comes from the Ancient Greek words meteor and logia.
  • Agriculture, transportation, armed forces, construction, and energy generation are just a few diverse industries where meteorology is used.
  • Meteorology, atmospheric chemistry, atmospheric physics, and climatology are sub-fields of atmospheric science.
  • There are many ways to measure the atmosphere, including satellites, ships, radars, airplanes, weather stations, ships, buoys, and weather balloons.
  • The description of the hydrological cycle is one of the most notable contributions of meteorology.
  • Global scale, mesoscale, microscale, and synoptic scale are the four meteorological scales.

Weather Forecasting

  • The use of science and technology to predict atmospheric conditions at a specific time and place is known as weather forecasting.
  • Meteorology is used to predict how the atmosphere will change, and quantitative information is gathered about the current state of the atmosphere at a specific location to provide weather forecasts.
  • The US spent about $5.1 billion on weather forecasting in 2009, yet it is believed to have received six times as much in return. Therefore, weather forecasting is important to the economy.
  • Agriculture, marine, military, forestry, air traffic, commercial businesses, and utility firms are some of the industries that benefit from weather forecasting.

India Meteorological Department (IMD): Meteorology, Weather Forecasting

  • The India Meteorological Department is the principal organization in charge of weather forecasting, seismology, and meteorological observation (IMD) in India.
  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is one of the six regional specialized meteorological centers of the World Meteorological Organization.
  • The India Meteorological Department (IMD) is headquartered in New Delhi.
  • The regional offices of the India Meteorological Department (IMD) are in Mumbai, Nagpur, Guwahati, Chennai, and Kolkata.
  • The IMD is in charge of managing hundreds of observation stations in both India and Antarctica.
  • The Ministry of Earth Sciences, Government of India, oversees the operations of the India Meteorological Department (IMD).
  • IMD works with organizations, including the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology, the National Center for Medium-Range Weather Forecasting, and the National Institute of Ocean Technology.

Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM)

  • The Institute of Tropical Meteorology, now known as the Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM), was initially established.
  • It was established on 17 November 1962 in Pune.
  • It has been governed by the Ministry of Earth Sciences since 2006.
  • The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) is primarily in charge of weather forecasting, earthquake detection, and meteorological observations in India.
  • As of January 2018, Pratyush, which has a peak performance of 6.8 petaflops, is the fastest supercomputer in India. The Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM) in Pune designed and built the supercomputer Pratyush.

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