What are the Features of Western Ghats?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The features of the Western Ghats are that it is the source point of various rivers and is parallel to the west coast. The Indian west coast and the Western Ghats are similar to one another. The highland forest ecosystems of this location influence India’s monsoon weather. The Western Ghats, also known as the Western Mountain range, is a chain of mountains that runs 1,600 km parallel to the western coast of the Indian peninsula.

Features of Western Ghats

The Western Ghats span the states of Gujarat, Maharashtra, Goa, Karnataka, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu. Important rivers like Tungabhadra, Krishna, and the Godavari possess their source point in the Western Ghats. As numerous peninsular rivers meet the Bay of Bengal, the Western Ghats is the point of origin.

  • The area’s tropical climate is moderated in the site and represents the monsoon system on the planet.
  • It has exceptionally high levels of endemism and biodiversity and is one of the world’s eight biodiverse “hot spots.”
  • The site’s forests are home to 325 species of plants, animals, birds, amphibians, reptiles, and fish that are all globally threatened.
  • They are the best representation of non-equatorial tropical evergreen forests.
  • The Western Ghats are home to a variety of ecosystems, including tropical moist evergreen forests and montane grasslands with a wide variety of medicinal plants and important genetic resources like wild relatives of spices, grains, and fruits.
  • The Anaimudi Peak in the Anaimalai Hills of the Western Ghats is the highest point on the peninsular plateau.


What are the Features of Western Ghats?

The parallel alignment with the west coast and function as the rivers’ sources for the Godavari, Krishna, and Tungabhadra are two main features of the Western Ghats. Additionally, it contains the distinctive shola ecosystem, which consists of upland grasslands dotted with evergreen forest patches.

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