What is the Scientific Study of Birds Called?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Scientific Study of Birds is called Ornithology. From a tiny hummingbird to a giant emu, all birds come under the realm of Ornithology. This study was developed during the late 16th century in Europe because humans were fascinated by birds and their unique characteristics. Although the majority of the early literature on birds is more anecdotal than scientific, they still constitute a substantial body of knowledge, including a lot of folklore, on which later work was built.

Scientific Study of Birds

Ornithology is a Latin term that translates to “bird science”. The study also constitutes the natural history of birds and aims to study the ecology and biogeography of avifauna in forests. Moreover, professionals and non-professionals can contribute to this line of research.

Mark Catesby’s two-volume Natural History of Carolina, Florida, and the Bahama Islands is a seminal work that features 220 hand-painted engravings. It also served as the inspiration for many of the species Carl Linnaeus described in the 1758 Systema Naturae, which marked the beginning of ornithology as a field of study in the 18th century.

Here are a few special categories that are studied in the field of Ornithology:

  • Taxonomy
  • Anatomy
  • Ecology lifestyle and behaviors


What is the Scientific Study of Birds Called?

Ornithology is called the Scientific Study of Birds. It is a branch of science that mainly studies birds’ ecology, biogeography, systematics, and macroecology. The collection of bird skins and eggs, along with photography, contributes to the study of Ornithology. Furthermore, there are a few special categories that make up the field of Ornithology. These include anatomy, taxonomy, and ecology lifestyle.

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