What are the Elements of Weather and Climate?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Elements of Weather and Climate are atmospheric pressure, temperature, wind, humidity, and precipitation. The climate is the accumulation of weather conditions and variations over a large area over a long period of time. Weather refers to the state of the atmosphere over an area at any given time.

Elements of Weather and Climate

The weather and climate of a location are affected by a variety of factors and elements. All elements of atmospheric pressure, humidity, wind, temperature, and precipitation must be ideal for ideal climatic conditions. The weather-related factors are discussed further below.

The factors that affect climate are latitude, altitude, pressure, wind system, distance from the sea, ocean currents, and relief features.

  • Latitude: The distance north or south of the equator, measured along the meridian of that place as an angle from the center of the earth is called latitude.
  • Altitude: The distance above sea level is referred to as altitude.
  • Pressure and Wind System: The air always moves from high-pressure areas to low-pressure areas, whereas wind is the movement of air from a high-pressure area to a low-pressure area.
  • Ocean Current: The streams of water flowing constantly on the ocean surface in definite directions are known as Ocean currents.

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