The Central Location of India at the Head of the Indian Ocean is Considered of Great Significance. Why?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The central location of India at the head of the Indian Ocean is considered of great significance because of its strategic advantage. India has had a strategic position because of the Indian Ocean since ancient times. India has access to the routes that connect Europe with East Asia because they go over the Indian Ocean. Additionally, it offers channels for communication.

Significance of Central Location of India at the Indian Ocean

India is in a strategic position as it can easily connect by sea routes with the states of Southeast Asia, East Asia, and Australia, as well as with Europe and West Asia from its west coast. The Indian Ocean is the conduit for a large part of global trade. India’s energy resources are in West Asia, where it is also located, making commerce easier with oil-rich countries.

India can travel to Europe, Africa, and East Asia from its western and eastern ports. It can interact with its nearest neighbors as well as distant countries. The existence of many natural harbors and harbors, which are once again extremely important for communication and economic purposes, has been made possible by the long coastline.
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India at the Head of the Indian Ocean has Great Significance

India is fortunate to have a coastline of 7516 km. India has many ports as it has a very wide coastline. 95 percent of India’s exports take place at its major ports. There are 12 major ports and 187 intermediate or minor ports in India that have been notified. The coastline of India is approximately 7,516 km. Jawaharlal Nehru Port was built to remove congestion in Mumbai Port.

The largest port is Mumbai, which also has a protected port. Apart from the ports of Mumbai and Navi Mumbai, some of the important ports used for conducting India’s commerce activities are Mormugao (Goa), Mangalore (Karnataka), Kandla (Gujarat), and Kochi along the west coast of India. The ports of Kolkata, Chennai, Tuticorin (Tamil Nadu), Paradip (Odisha), and Visakhapatnam (Andhra Pradesh) are used for trade on the east coast. India’s dominant position in the Indian Ocean gave the ocean its name.

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