Give an Account of Interstate Disparities of Poverty in India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

There are interstate disparities of poverty in India as the distribution of poverty differs throughout the country. Since the early seventies, there has been a secular decline in state-level poverty in India. According to recent estimates, the all-India headcount ratio (HCR) in 2011-12 was 21.9 percent in states such as Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, and Odisha, above the all-India poverty level. The section of poor people is not the same in every state.

Interstate Disparities of Poverty in India

Rural poverty, as well as urban poverty, are high in Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, and Uttar Pradesh. In comparison, Kerala, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, and West Bengal have witnessed a significant decline in poverty. States like Punjab and Haryana have traditionally been successful in reducing poverty with the help of high agricultural growth rates.

Land reform measures have helped in reducing poverty in West Bengal. Public distribution of food grains in Andhra Pradesh and Tamil Nadu could have been responsible for the reform. A state of a person or community that lacks the financial resources which are essential for a minimum standard of living is called poverty.

Causes of Poverty in India

The major causes of poverty in India are as follows:

  • Low Agricultural Productivity
  • Population Explosion
  • Price Rise
  • Low Rate of Economic Development
  • Unemployment
  • Social Factors, etc.

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