National Symbols of India : List of National Symbols of India with Names

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The National Symbols of India are the pride and heritage of India. These National Symbols are the identity elements of the nation. India, the country with one of the oldest civilizations and the largest democracy in the world, is known for its unique identity and heritage. The National Symbols of India play an important role in making the identity of our country, bringing the diverse culture together and binding them in a single string. Here we will cover all the National Symbols of India.

Candidates preparing for the UPSC exam must put emphasis on the National Symbols of India as it is an important part of the UPSC syllabus. Questions related to this topic can appear in Prelims, Mains, and Interview stages. Here we have covered all the National Symbols of India with names.

What are the National Symbols of India?

National Symbols of India are a set of identity elements that hold the significance of our nation’s heritage. India has picked various National Symbols at different times that reflect identity.

National Symbols of India Notes

There are 17 National Symbols of India, namely- Mango, Ganga, Royal Bengal Tiger, Indian Banyan, Tiranga, Jana Gana Mana, Saka Calendar, Vande Mataram, National Emblem of India, Ganges River Dolphin, Indian Peacock, Indian Rupee, King Cobra, Indian Elephant, Lotus, Pumpkin and National Pledge.

National Symbols of India with Names

India has various national symbols, and we have covered all of them below in the table.

National Symbols of India
Title Symbol
National Flag Tiranga
National Anthem Jana Gana Mana
National Calendar Saka calendar
National Vegetable Pumpkin
Oath of Allegiance National Pledge
National Bird Indian Peacock
National Currency Indian Rupee
National Animal Royal Bengal Tiger
National Tree Indian Banyan
National Aquatic Animal Ganges River Dolphin
National Flower Lotus
National Song Vande Mataram
National Emblem State Emblem of India
National Fruit Mango
National River Ganga
National Reptile King Cobra
National Heritage Animal Indian Elephant

Importance of National Symbols of India

The importance of National Symbols of India is given below:

  • They reflect the rich culture of the country
  • They infuse a deep sense of pride in the hearts of the citizens of India
  • Help to protect the national symbols that are chosen for generations
  • National Symbols of India popularized the chosen object.

Facts About National Symbols of India

Below, we have mentioned some interesting facts about the National Symbols of India that every UPSC aspirant should know about.

National Flag of India-National Flag is a symbol of a free country. India’s National Flag was adopted in its present form during the meeting of the Constituent Assembly held on 22 July 1947.

National Bird of India- The Indian peacock, Pavo cristatus, is the national bird of India and one of the National Symbols of India. Is a colorful, swan-sized bird with a fan-shaped crest of feathers, a white patch under the eye and a long, slender neck.

National Flower- Lotus (Scientific name- Nelumbo Nucifera Gaertn) is the National Flower of India. It is a sacred flower that occupies a unique position in the art and mythology of ancient India.

National Tree of India- The banyan Tree(Ficus bengalensis) is the national tree of India and one of the National Symbols of India. The branches of the Banyan Tree are rooted like new trees over a big region.

National Anthem- “Jana Gana Mana” is India’s National Anthem and one of the National Symbols of India. The “Indian National Anthem” is performed or sung on different occasions. The playing time of the National Anthem is approximately 52 seconds.

National Emblem of India- The Indian National Emblem was accepted on 26 January 1950 by Madhav Sawhney, and it is an adaptation of the Sarnath Lion Capital of Ashoka.

National Calendar- The Indian national calendar is sometimes called the Shalivahana Shaka calendar. National Calendar was adopted on 22 March 1957, along with the Gregorian calendar.

National Animal of India- The national animal of India is the Royal Bengal Tiger. The scientific name of the Royal Bengal Tiger is Panthera tigris. Tiger is found in various parts of Asia, including India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka.

National Song- The song Vande Mataram is the national song and one of the National Symbols of India. It was composed in Sanskrit by Bankimchandra Chatterji and was a source of inspiration to the people in their struggle for freedom.

National Currency of India- The Indian rupee(sign: ₹; code: INR) is the official currency of the Republic of India. The symbol “₹” is an amalgamation of Devanagari “Ra” and the Roman Capital “R” with two parallel horizontal stripes running at the top representing the national flag and also the “equal to” sign.

UPSC Notes
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