Describe how Communities have Conserved and Protected Forests and Wildlife in India

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

Communities have conserved and protected forests and wildlife in India as the Bishnois of Rajasthan have a strong fervour for protecting peacocks and black buck chinkara. Numerous local communities are aware of how important conservation is to their long-term existence. In many locations, local communities play a key role in conservation. Many cultures have a long-standing practice of nature worship. They contribute to forest preservation by doing this.

How Communities have Conserved & Protected Forests and Wildlife in India?

A local conservation endeavor is the Chipko Movement. Since 1988, Orissa has used joint forest management, which has been successful in promoting conservation.

Some indigenous communities in India live in forests. Local people are working hard to preserve their habitats to guarantee their long-term survival. Villagers in Sariska Tiger Reserve have fought against mining using the Wildlife Protection Act. Using the famous Chipko movement, native saplings were planted in the Himalayas. In some areas, the community was able to stop deforestation.

Conservation of Protected Forests and Wildlife

The residents of five villages in the state of Rajasthan (Alwar) have designated 1200 hectares of forest as Bhairodev Dakav “Sonchuri.” With their laws and regulations, they defend wildlife from any outside intrusions. They prohibit hunting animals. Farmers and citizen organizations like Beej Bachao Andolan in Tehri and Navdanya were able to produce a variety of crops without the use of synthetic chemicals. Degraded woods have been restored and managed under the Joint Forest Management (JFM) Program with the help of the local people.

Odisha approved the first law establishing shared forest management. This program has been running since 1988. According to JFM, institutions at the local (village) level are established to carry out protection measures overseen by the forest department in the damaged forests. Members of these communities receive intermediary benefits such a share as in the timber harvested by successful protection, as well as non-timber forest output, in exchange for their protection efforts.

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