What are the Different Types of Forests in India?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The types of forests in India are Tropical deciduous forests, tropical evergreen forests, mountain vegetation, thorny bushes, and mangrove forests. The most common terrestrial ecosystem on Earth is found worldwide in forests. They constitute a region of land where trees predominate. Forests cover nearly 24.56% of India’s land area.

Types of Forests in India

Forestry is an important rural sector in India and a key environmental resource. India is one of the 10 nations with the most forests worldwide. Our country and 9 other nations make up 67 percent of the world’s total forest property.

The 5 different Types of Forest in India are given below.

Tropical Evergreen Forest:

  • Found in the Northeastern Himalayas, Western Ghats, and the Andaman and Nicobar Islands, where the monsoon lasts long, and the trees stay green throughout the year.
  • Tropical Evergreen Forest blossoms in areas that receive more than 200 cm of rainfall.

Tropical Deciduous Forest:

  • Found in Jharkhand, Chhattisgarh, West Bengal, West Orissa, and the Chota Nagpur plateau, where the rainfall is moderate.
  • The trees of Tropical Deciduous forests have their leaves mostly in winter.

Thorny bushes:

  • Found in semi-arid regions of the country where the rainfall is seasonal.
  • It is seen in Southwest Punjab, Rajasthan Gujarat, and Madhya Pradesh.
  • The trees have thick, waxy leaves to prevent water loss during transpiration.

Mountain vegetation:

  • Mostly found in the Himalayan mountain range where the temperature is low, and it snows during some parts of the year.
  • The trees have needle-like leaves that help the snow to fall off easily.

Mangrove forest:

  • Found in the river deltas and along the coast.
  • It is discovered in the Ganges delta of West Bengal and Bangladesh.
  • The trees grow in a mixture of freshwater and saline water.
  • The Sundarbans is the largest Mangrove Forest in India.


What are the different types of forests in India?

The different types of forests in India include mangrove forests, tropical evergreen forests, tropical deciduous forests, mountain vegetation, and thorny shrubs. Forests are found everywhere on Earth and are the most prevalent terrestrial habitat.

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