Abraham Accord – Countries, Signatories, Abraham Accord UPSC Notes PDF

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 14th, 2023

The Abraham Accords are agreements and declarations jointly signed by a few countries for peace and other issues. It was signed between the United Arab Emirates, Israel, and Bahrain on August 13, 2020. The Abraham Accord countries went into a joint agreement that formalized their relationships. It is the foremost peace deal between Arab-Israeli since Jordan in 1994. Abraham Accord was initiated and mediated by the United States.

It was originally signed on 15th September 2020 at the White House by Abdullatif bin Rashid Al Zayani, the Bahrain foreign minister, Abdullah bin Zayed Al Nahyan, the Emirati foreign minister, Benjamin Netanyahu, the Israeli prime minister, and Donald Trump, the president of US. Let us understand the Abraham Accord and the countries involved in it in detail, also get a direct link to download Abraham Accord UPSC notes PDF.

What is Abraham Accord?

The Abraham Accord is a combined statement established by the US for strengthening the peaceful relationship. The agreement was termed after Abraham as in both Judaism and Islam they were regarded as prophets. The Abraham Accord deal came into existence to develop peace because Israel has fought various wars with the Arab countries since their Independence.

Abraham Accords UPSC Notes

The Abraham Accord is known as the first peace deal in 26 years between Arab countries and Israel. Before this, only two deals were signed, the first between Egypt and Israel in 1979 and the second between Jordan and Israel in 1994.

Abraham Accord was Signed Between:

  • Israel
  • UAE
  • Qatar
  • Sudan
  • Morocco
  • Bahrain

Abraham Accord Countries and Advancements

The Abraham Accord is one of the important agreements and highly asked current affairs topics for the UPSC-based exams. It was signed between the Abraham Accord countries, the UAE, and the state of Israel, with mediation by the United States. This accord was signed to bring peace, harmony, and cooperation between countries.

According to recent updates, after the latest war between Israel and Palestine in May 2020, the necessary initiative was taken by the US administration and President Joe Biden to motivate the other Arab countries to support Israel in the existing deal by signing the Abraham Accord after facing the disastrous war in the Gaza Strip.

  • However, in November 2021, Iran did not sign the accord confirmed by foreign minister Fuad Hussein even after several considerations.
  • Since the independence of Israel in 1948, there have been contrary correlations between Israel and other Arab countries to a great extent because of the rising dispute over the sovereignty of Palestine.
  • Subsequently, Sudan and Morocco were the other nations to join the accord in the same year to regulate conflict-free relationships with Israel.

Signatories of Abraham Accord

The documents related to the Abraham Accords are illustrated in the table below. All the declaration between signatories of Abraham Accord was signed on 15 September 2020. An official snippet of the Abraham Accords Declaration has been attached for your reference.

Agreement Official Name of Declaration Abraham Accord Signatories
Israel–UAE Agreement Abraham Accords Peace Agreement: Treaty of Peace, Diplomatic Relations and Full Normalization Between the United Arab Emirates and the State of Israel United States (witness), Israel, United Arab Emirates
Declaration The Abraham Accords Declaration Israel, Bahrain, United States, United Arab Emirates
Bahrain–Israel Agreement Abraham Accords: Declaration of Peace, Cooperation, and Constructive Diplomatic and Friendly Relations Israel, Bahrain, United States (witness)

Abraham Accord – Countries, Signatories, Abraham Accord UPSC Notes PDF

Key Features of Abraham Accords

Abraham Accord is a combined statement to strengthen the peaceful relationship between the Arab states and Israel. Here are some key points for a better understanding of the Abraham Accord:

The UAE was the third country to join the agreement with Israel after Jordan in 1994 and Egypt in 1979. Simultaneously, Israel took an interest in modifying the functions of the West Bank to fix the strong foreign relations.

  • According to the agreement, the UAE and Bahrain will establish a ministry and agent to support Israel in tourism, trade, medical, security, etc.
  • Muslims worldwide can visit the holiest place in Israel; Al-Aqsa Mosque in Jerusalem, and the ancient monuments of Israel by the agreement.
  • Through the accord, the UAE, Bahrain, and Israel convey their mutual consent to the rising of Iran’s effect and up-gradation of ballistic missiles in the region as a problem.
  • To attain sustainable peace between Shia and Sunni and between Persian and Arab, interaction is the key point that needs to be followed.
  • The US may be a leading power in the Middle East, but Russia has occupied a position for itself by disbursing less amount.
  • Recently, China has shown the possibility and willingness to be a part of a bigger role in this area and is closer to UAE, Israel, and Saudi Arabia.
  • India should take all the necessary steps for its welfare before China influences all the other nations related to this market.
  • India can have a stronger connection than the other nations if the right measures are taken to arrange the geopolitical situation in the Middle East.
  • Since 1948, Israel has confronted three great wars against the diversity of Arab nations. Despite Israel’s triumph in the war, it was aware of the unacceptance of military dominance for a long time.
  • The three great wars fought by Israel against the Arab nations were the Suez Crisis in 1956, the Six-Day War in 1967, and the Yom Kippur War in 1973.
  • The official recognition of the Camp David Accord was in 1979, signed between Israel and Egypt.

Significance of Abraham Accords

The Abraham Accord agreement emphasizes the interest of the people of nations which can lead to hassle-free relations for Israel with the Middle East and the world. The profound contribution of the United States to Israel and other Arab states shares the accord to rule out the clauses. The Abraham Accords significance and clauses are as follows:

  • Establishment of Diplomatic Relations: The agreement comprises establishing diplomatic relations of bilateral ties between the Abraham accord countries like the United States of Emirates and the states of Israel. They worked together for the welfare of mutual countries.
  • General Principles: The parties must follow the principle guided by the Charter of the United Nations Provisions and the norms of international laws ruling the relations between the states. The signatories must respect and recognize each other’s sovereignty and develop friendly relations to live peacefully and securely by resolving their conflicts.
  • Establishment of Embassies: The parties shall exchange native ambassadors immediately after signing the accord to conduct diplomatic and foreign relations per the principles of international laws.
  • Peace and Stability: The parties must negotiate any terrorist or hostile activities against each other on or from their respective territories and also undertake the necessary measures to avoid any offensive activities or supporting such illegal activities by developing mutual understanding and coordination among them, especially in the aspects of peace and stability. The parties must discuss the matters related to their region to further develop cooperation for stability among the nations.

Opportunities for India Under Abraham Accord

India’s acceptance of the Abraham Accord can help to develop military and security with the United States of Emirates. There are various opportunities that India may get from Abraham Acord, and a few of them are explained below:

Geopolitically, India has honored the formation of diplomatic relations between the states of Israel and the United States of Emirates by naming both a strategic alliance.

  • India has a strong, miscellaneous, and developing socioeconomic commitment with Israel and Gulf countries. Hence, any regional interchange will affect the interest in foreign policy in India’s strategy.
  • The accord expands the modified administration for growing diplomatic relations and a peaceful solution for the Palestine conflict, relieving India’s diplomatic stabilization.
  • The chances of the southern Gulf becoming the new ground for the tug-of-war between Israel and Iran cannot be guaranteed, especially in the region of Shia. India has to compel to look after and observe such conflicts.
  • India has received a huge and gratifying territorial footmark referring to food sources, gems, jewelry, pharmaceutical, etc. Israel could object to the stance of India comparing the ability in horticulture, solar power, etc.
  • The cold war between Sunni and Shia has been the cause of uncertainty about peace and stability in West Asia, which can be broken by the accord verifying India-Iran’s relations.

Abraham Accord: Summary

The Abraham Accord has been crucial in bringing up all the Abraham Accord countries together to deal with the problems related to the Israel – Palestine conflict and work on solutions with mutual understanding and cooperation for peace, stability, prosperity, and progress of the countries.

This deal has bought a new era of peace in the Middle East. Future advancements in this deal are expected to bring sustainable peace. India is expected to make their move in this region before countries such as China make their influence.

Abraham Accord UPSC

The Abraham Accord is a relevant topic of current affairs internationally and nationally. This is considered an important topic for the Prelims and Mains exam. Candidates can download the Abraham Accord UPSC notes PDF provided in this article consisting of all the important information required to prepare the topic for the upcoming IAS exams.

Abraham Accord Sample Questions

Question: Abraham Accord is a signed accord between the countries: (1) US and Iran, (2) UAE and Israel, (3) Turkey, and Israel, (4) None of the above
Answer: 2) UAE and Israel

Question: Select the country that mediated the Abraham Accord: (1) USA, (2) India, (3) China, (4) Russia
Answer: 1) USA

Question: Which of the countries is signatory to the Abraham Accord? (1) Israel, Saudi Arabia, Egypt, Jordan, (2) Israel, United Arab Emirates, Egypt Bahrain, Libya, (3) Israel, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain, (4) Israel, Sudan, Afghanistan, Pakistan
Answer: Israel, United Arab Emirates, Bahrain

Question: ‘Abraham Accord’, recently seen in news related to: (a) US and Iran, (b) UAE and Israel, (c) Turkey and Israel, (d) None of the above
Answer: UAE and Israel

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