Answer: Plants that grow in deserts are called xerophytes.
The plants that fall under the xerophyte class grow in extremely dry conditions throughout the year such as in deserts (psammophytes), on rock (lithophytes), or in alpine plants growing above 14000 feet altitude. The survival characteristics of xerophyte are:
Reduction in size of transpiration surface.
Silvery hairs shield the leaves.
- Increased water storage.
Widespread fibrous roots or deep taproots near the soil surface.
More details on Xerophyte
Following are the crucial details on xerophyte:
They have the ability to use water from their own storage.
They can allocate water specifically to sites of new tissue growth.
They can lose less water to the atmosphere and so channel a greater proportion of water from the soil to photosynthesis and growth.
They are capable of withstanding extended periods of dry conditions as they have deep-spreading roots and the capacity to store water.
Plants that grow in deserts are called ___________.
The plants that grow in deserts are known as xerophytes.