Which is the Largest Inland Water Body on Earth?

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: November 9th, 2023

The Largest Inland Water Bodies on Earth are the Caspian Sea, Russia’s Kaspiyskoye More, and Persia’s Darya-ye Khezer. It lies in the east of the Caucasus Mountains and west of the vast steppes of Central Asia. The name of the sea comes from the ancient Caspian people who once lived in western Transcaucasia.

Among other historical names, Khazarsk and Khuvalinsk are derived from the region’s original people, while Girkansk is derived from Girkanos, which means the land of wolves.

Largest Inland Water Body on Earth

With 40-44% of all lacustrine water on Earth, the Caspian Sea is the largest inland sea. It is situated halfway between Asia and Europe and spans an area of 371,000 km2. It became landlocked around 5.5 million years ago due to tectonic uplift. The Caspian Sea, which is alternatively referred to as the largest lake or a true sea, is the largest inland body of water in the world.

The Endorheic basin, which is located between Europe and Asia, is bordered by the Caucasus Mountains to the east, the Iranian Plateau to the north, the rich plains of Southern Russia to the south, and the broad steppe of Central Asia to the west.

  • It is 78,200 km3 in size and encompasses 143,550 sq mi.
  • Its salinity is 1.2% or roughly one-third of the salinity of typical saltwater.
  • Its borders are Turkmenistan to the southeast, Iran to the south, Azerbaijan to the southwest, Kazakhstan to the northeast, and Russia to the northwest.


Which is the Largest Inland Water Body on Earth?

Russia’s Kaspiyskoye More, Caspian Sea, and Persia’s Darya-ye Khezer are the Largest Inland Water bodies on Earth. The Caspian Sea is higher in that large Eurasian pool, yet the water is not glittering. Three of the seas around the Caspian are remnants of a single ancient saltwater basin. In fact, the Caspian Sea, which is sometimes referred to as the biggest lake or a full-fledged sea, is the largest inland body of water on the whole planet.

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