List the Factors that Affect the Climate of a Place

By Shivank Goel|Updated : October 6th, 2022

The factors that affect the climate of a place are Latitude, elevation, the proximity of water, ocean currents, topography, vegetation, and prevailing winds. India has a wide range of climates, from tropical to snowy in winter in some regions. It is generally widely accepted that human activity affects climate, although the effects vary depending on where you are. For example, it appears that changes are occurring more rapidly at the poles than in many other places. Therefore, many factors influence the climate of a place.

Factors that Affect the Climate of a Place

Latitude, altitude, relief, currents, and winds, as well as an area's distance from the ocean, are the major variables that affect an area's climate. The climate of an area is influenced by the latitude at which it is located. Since the equator receives most of the direct sunlight, the region of this latitude experiences an extremely hot climate. At latitudes above and below the equator, the poles receive no or oblique rays because they receive less direct sunlight.

The relief of a place significantly affects its climatic conditions. The rain shadow region does not receive rainfall, while the other region is due to the mountains, which receive a lot of rainfall. Because the temperature drops as you climb higher, with a drop of one degree Celsius for every 166 meters of altitude. Therefore plains are warmer than mountains.

Factors for Climate of a Place

The jet stream is the term for the entry and exit of a monsoon. These currents form in the highest layers of the atmosphere. The monsoon rainfall distribution pattern of the subcontinent is strongly influenced by these sediments. Along the length of these depressions, the highest rainfall is recorded. The mild climate in coastal locations is brought about by the effect of land wind and sea air brought about by the different rates of heating and cooling of land and sea.

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FAQs on Factors that Affect Climate of a Place

  • Latitude, altitude, relief, currents, and winds, as well as a region's distance from the sea, are the five key factors that affect a region's climate.

  • Temperature and precipitation are the two main determinants of a region's climate. Of course, it matters what the area's average annual temperature is, but it also matters what the annual temperature range is.

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