An account of Interstate Disparities of Poverty in India: Since the early seventies, state-level poverty has witnessed a secular decline. According to recent estimates, all India Head Count Ratio (HCR) was 21.9 percent in 2011-12 in states like Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Assam, and Odisha above all India poverty level. The section of poor people is not the same in every state.
Causes of Poverty in India
A state of a person or community that lacks the financial resources which are essential for a minimum standard of living is called poverty. The major causes of poverty in India are:
The state level of poverty has declined since the early seventies. Bihar and Odisha are the two poorest states with poverty ratios of 33.7 and 32.6 percent respectively. Urban poverty is also high in various states such as Uttar Pradesh, Odisha, Madhya Pradesh, and Bihar.
Kerala, Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Gujarat, West Bengal, Punjab, and Haryana are the Indian states which have shown a decline in poverty.