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GATE Physics 2024: Complete Syllabus and Exam Pattern (PDF)
By BYJU'S Exam Prep
Updated on: September 25th, 2023
GATE Physics syllabus will be released by IISc Bangalore soon on their official website. Knowing the syllabus of the GATE PH exam is essential because it provides a clear outline of the topics that will be covered in the exam. The question papers in the exam will be formulated strictly following the syllabus. You must check the section-wise GATE Physics syllabus if you are planning to prepare for the exam.
The GATE Physics syllabus can help you to allocate your study time according to the weightage of different topics. Better planning and time management can help you crack the upcoming GATE exam and get admission to your dream program. Thus, you can download the GATE Physics syllabus PDF given below. Here, we will discuss the GATE Physics syllabus 2024, the examination pattern, essential points to know about the exam, and the books you must refer to in detail.
Table of content
- 1. GATE Physics Syllabus Overview
- 2. GATE Physics Syllabus PDF
- 3. Subject-wise GATE Physics Syllabus
- 4. Mathematical Physics Syllabus
- 5. Classical Mechanics Syllabus
- 6. Electromagnetic Theory Syllabus
- 7. Quantum Mechanics Syllabus
- 8. Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Syllabus
- 9. Atomic and Molecular Physics Syllabus
- 10. Solid State Physics Syllabus
- 11. Electronics Syllabus
- 12. Nuclear and Particle Physics Syllabus
- 13. GATE Physics Exam Pattern
- 14. GATE Physics Exam Date
- 15. GATE Physics Eligibility
- 16. GATE Physics Books
GATE Physics Syllabus Overview
GATE Physics syllabus 2024 consists of topics from General Aptitude and Core Physics. The majority of the questions, i.e., 85 percent, are from the core subject (Physics), with the remaining 15% coming from General Aptitude topics. Following the Gate Physics syllabus provides students with a clear roadmap of what they need to study, which can help them plan their studies effectively.
It is advised to follow the study material based solely on the GATE Physics syllabus so that focused planning and preparation can be done. The questions in the GATE Physics exam are usually designed to test the candidate’s understanding of the fundamental concepts of physics and their ability to apply these concepts to solve problems. The questions in the GATE Physics exam will strictly follow the syllabus and the exam pattern set by the IISc Bangalore, which is the organizing institute of the 2024 exam.
GATE Physics Syllabus PDF
The updated GATE Physics syllabus comprises General Aptitude and topics from core Physics. The main focus is to assess the candidates’ knowledge of core Physics (PH). Candidates can download the GATE Physics syllabus 2024 PDF from the below link.
GATE Physics Syllabus PDF Download
Subject-wise GATE Physics Syllabus
The GATE syllabus for Physics constitutes 9 major sections. The syllabus is divided into different subjects, each covering a range of topics in Physics. The breakdown of topics covered under these sections is mentioned below which enables candidates to understand the syllabus in a more organized and systematic manner:
- Mathematical Physics
- Classical Mechanics
- Electromagnetic Theory
- Quantum Mechanics
- Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics
- Atomic and Molecular Physics
- Solid State Physics
- Electronics
- Nuclear and Particle Physics
Mathematical Physics Syllabus
The Mathematical Physics section of the GATE Physics syllabus 2024 includes topics such as Cauchy’s theorem, tensor ideas, differential equations, etc. Further, let us discuss the important topics in the Mathematical Physics section.
- Vector Calculus: Matrices; similarity transformations, diagonalization, eigenvalues, and eigenvectors;
- Linear vector space: basis, orthogonality, and completeness;
- Linear differential equations: second-order linear differential equations and solutions utilizing special functions.
- Cauchy-Riemann conditions, Cauchy’s theorem, singularities, residue theorem, and applications; Laplace transforms, Fourier analysis;
- Basic tensor ideas: covariant and contravariant tensors.
Classical Mechanics Syllabus
The Classical Mechanics section of the GATE 2024 Physics syllabus includes topics such as Hamilton’s equations, relativistic kinematics, inertia tensor, etc. Further, let us discuss the important topics in the Classical Mechanics section.
Subjects |
Topics |
Lagrangian Formulation |
Symmetry and conservation rules; D’Alembert’s principle, Euler-Lagrange equation, Hamilton’s principle, calculus of variations; Small oscillations: coupled oscillations and normal modes; central force motion: Kepler problem and Rutherford scattering; Hamiltonian and Hamilton’s equations of motion; Liouville’s theorem; canonical transformations: action-angle variables, Poisson brackets, Hamilton- Jacobi equation; rigid body dynamics: inertia tensor, orthogonal transformations, Euler angles, Torque free motion of asymmetric top; Hamiltonian and Hamilton’s equations of motion; Liouville’s theorem. |
Special Theory of Relativity |
Relativistic kinematics, Lorentz transformations, and mass-energy equivalence. |
Electromagnetic Theory Syllabus
The Electromagnetic theory section of the GATE Physics syllabus 2024 includes topics such as the Poynting vector, Poynting theorem, Maxwell’s equations, etc. Further, the important topics of this section are Electrostatic and magnetostatic problems, including boundary value problems; image method; variable separation; dielectrics and conductors; magnetic materials; multipole expansion; Maxwell’s equations; scalar and vector potentials; Coulomb and Lorentz gauges; electromagnetic waves in free space, non-conducting and conducting media; reflection and transmission at normal and oblique incidences; Electromagnetic wave polarization; Poynting vector, Poynting theorem; energy and velocity of electromagnetic waves; radiation from a moving charge.
Quantum Mechanics Syllabus
The Quantum Mechanics section of the GATE Physics syllabus includes topics such as variational method, WKB approximation, angular momentum, etc. Further, let us discuss the important topics in the Quantum Mechanics section.
- Quantum mechanics postulates
- Uncertainty principle
- Schrodinger equation
- Dirac Bra-Ket notation, linear vectors, and Hilbert space operators
- Step potential, finite rectangular well, tunneling from a potential barrier, particle in a box, harmonic oscillator, one-dimensional potentials.
- Degeneracy in two and three dimensions
- Hydrogen atom
- Angular momentum and spin
- Angular momenta addition
- Variational method and WKB approximation
- Time-independent perturbation theory
- elementary scattering theory
- Born approximation
Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Syllabus
The Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics section of the GATE Physics syllabus 2024 includes various concepts such as Bose-Einstein condensation, ensembles, phase equilibria, etc. Further, let us discuss see all the important topics in this section:
Subject |
Topics |
Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics |
Thermodynamic laws Macrostates and Microstates Phase space Ensembles Partition function, Free energy, Thermodynamic quantities calculation Classical and quantum statistics First and second-order phase transitions, phase equilibria, and critical point Degenerate Fermi gas Black body radiation and Planck’s distribution law Bose-Einstein condensation |
Atomic and Molecular Physics Syllabus
The Atomic and Molecular Physics section of the GATE Physics syllabus 2024 includes topics such as Frank-Condon Principle, Raman effect and NMR etc. Further, let us discuss the important topics in the Atomic and Molecular Physics section.
- Spectra of one and many-electron atoms
- LS and JJ couplings in spin-orbit interactions
- Fine and hyperfine structures
- Zeeman and Stark’s effects
- Electric dipole transitions and selection rules; rotational and vibrational spectra of diatomic molecules; electronic transitions in diatomic molecules
- Franck-Condon principle
- Raman effect
- EPR, NMR, ESR, X-ray spectra
- Lasers: Einstein coefficients, population inversion.
Solid State Physics Syllabus
The Solid State Physics section of the GATE 2024 Physics syllabus includes diffraction methods, polarizability, ferroelectricity etc. Further, let us discuss the important topics of the Solid State Physics section in detail.
Subject |
Topics |
Solid State Physics |
Free electron theory; band theory of solids: nearly free electron and tight-binding models; metals, semiconductors, and insulators; conductivity, mobility, and effective mass; elements of crystallography; diffraction methods for structure determination; bonding in solids; lattice vibrations and thermal properties of solids; free electron theory; free electron theory; band theory of solids: nearly free electron and tight-binding models; metals, semiconductors, and insulators; metals, semiconductors, and optical properties of solids; Kramers-Kronig relation, intra- and inter-band transitions; dielectric properties of solids; dielectric function, polarizability, ferroelectricity; magnetic properties of solids; dia, para, Ferro, antiferro, and ferri-magnetism, domains and magnetic anisotropy; dielectric properties of solids; dielectric function, polarizability, ferroelectricity; magnetic anisotropy, superconductivity: Type-I and Type-II superconductors, Meissner effect, London equation, BCS Theory, flux quantization. |
Electronics Syllabus
The Electronics section of the GATE Physics syllabus 2024 includes operational amplifiers, oscillators, active filters etc. Further, let us discuss the important topics of the Solid State Physics section in detail.
Semiconductors in Equilibrium: Negative and positive feedback circuits; oscillators, operational amplifiers, active filters; electron and hole statistics in intrinsic and extrinsic semiconductors; metal-semiconductor junctions; Ohmic and rectifying contacts; PN diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field-effect transistors; negative and positive feedback circuits; oscillators, operational amplifiers, active filters; basic digital logic circuits, combinational and sequential circuits, flip-flops, timers, counters, registers; A/D and D/A conversion.
Nuclear and Particle Physics Syllabus
The Nuclear and Particle Physics section of the GATE Physics syllabus includes topics such as Rutherford scattering, electromagnetic transitions, isospin symmetry, etc. Further, let us discuss the important topics in the Nuclear and Particle Physics section.
Subject |
Topics |
Nuclear and Particle Physics |
Nuclear radii and charge distributions, nuclear binding energy, electric and magnetic moments Semi-empirical mass formula Nuclear models Liquid drop model, nuclear shell model Nuclear force and two nucleon problem Alpha, beta, and electromagnetic transitions in nuclei Rutherford scattering, nuclear reactions, conservation laws Fission and fusion Particle accelerators and detectors Elementary particles: photons, baryons, mesons, and leptons; quark model Conservation laws, isospin symmetry, charge conjugation, parity, and time-reversal invariance. |
GATE Physics Exam Pattern
The GATE Physics exam pattern consists of a single paper of 3 hours duration. The sectional marking scheme of the entire GATE Physics syllabus is given in the table below. Candidates can refer to the table below:
Section |
Distribution of Marks |
Total Marks |
Types of questions |
GA |
5Q x 1M = 5M 5Q x 2M = 10M |
15 marks |
MCQ |
PH |
25Q x 1M = 25M 30Q x 2M = 60M |
85 marks |
MCQ, MSQ, and NATs |
Negative marking for the wrong answer – Only for MCQs: 1/3 for 1-mark questions 2/3 for 2-mark questions |
GATE Physics Exam Date
The exam dates for the GATE Physics exam are not released by the officials. The entire schedule will be released soon. Although as per the previous year’s trend, the GATE Physics exam will be conducted on either of the following dates: 3rd, 4th, 10th, or 11th February 2024.
GATE Physics Eligibility
Gate physics eligibility refers to the eligibility criteria that candidates must meet in order to appear for the Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) in Physics. The eligibility criteria for GATE Physics are as follows:
- Educational Qualification: Candidates in 3rd year or higher of B.E./B.Tech. in a relevant field such as Physics, Electronics, or Electrical Engineering.
- Age Limit: There is no age limit to appear for the GATE exam.
GATE Physics Books
GATE Physics books provide a comprehensive understanding of the fundamental concepts of physics and their applications. They cover a wide range of topics in physics, including mechanics, thermodynamics, electromagnetism, optics, quantum mechanics, and solid-state physics, among others. Check out the detailed list of GATE Physics books provided in the table shown below:
Book Title | Author |
---|---|
University Physics with Modern Physics | Hugh D. Young and Roger A. Freedman |
Concepts of Physics Vol I & II | H.C. Verma |
Fundamentals of Physics Vol I & II | Halliday, Resnick, and Walker |
Introduction to Electrodynamics | David J. Griffiths |
Quantum Mechanics: Concepts and Applications | Nouredine Zettili |
Solid State Physics | Neil W. Ashcroft and N. David Mermin |
Classical Mechanics | Herbert Goldstein |
Thermodynamics: An Engineering Approach | Yunus A. Cengel and Michael A. Boles |
Modern Physics | Kenneth S. Krane |
Statistical Mechanics | R.K. Pathria |
Nuclear Physics | S.B. Patel |
Electricity and Magnetism | Edward M. Purcell |
Waves and Oscillations | Brijlal and N. Subrahmanyam |