Current Flows in a Circuit When

By BYJU'S Exam Prep

Updated on: September 25th, 2023

Current flows in a circuit when-

1. A switch is opened.
2. A switch is closed.
3. The switch is either opened or closed.
4. There is no voltage.

Answer: B. A switch is closed.

Current flows in the circuit when a switch is closed.

Solution

Current is flow of charge through an element. when we apply a voltage (or) a battery to element. electrons move from negative terminal to positive terminal, while transferring the energy from battery (or) voltage source to the element. If we assume a battery of EMF ‘E” is connected across an element through a switch “S” as shown in below figure.

For electrons to flow from negative terminal to positive terminals the entire circuit should be closed. That means there should not be any gaps in the circuit, so current flows in the circuit when switch is closed.

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