What is Conservatism in History?

By Shivank Goel|Updated : August 26th, 2022

Conservatism is a philosophy or a political ideology that prefers conservative methods and believes in respecting the established institutions, traditions, and customs. It believed in respecting the traditional values and institutions, such as the power of the state or Government.

Those believing in the philosophy of Conservatism were known as 'Conservatives.' The Conservatives firmly believed in the power of the Government and didn't question it. They trusted the hierarchical mode of power transfer.

Define Conservatism

The philosophy of Conservatism advocates the preservation of traditional institutions. It believed in the power of the state and restricted any such movement or activity that intended to question the government's functioning. The conservatives in most parts of the world always opposed the concept of 'modernism' and favored the traditional value systems and beliefs.

Conservatives believed in bringing a gradual 'evolutionary' change as opposed to adopting a bit aggressive methods of bringing about 'revolutionary' change in society.

In short, conservatism is a social, cultural, and political ideology that believes in preserving traditional customs, institutions, and beliefs.

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FAQs on What is Conservatism in History?

  • No. Conservatism did not advocate revolutionary methods but only evolutionary change.

  • ‘Conservatism’ as a philosophy believed in respecting and preserving traditional institutions and customs.

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